Two kraft pulp mill effluents were compared in terms of their chronic toxicity to Daphnia magna. One resulted from pulping Pinus radiata and the other came from a parallel processing of Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus globulus (mixed kraft pulp mill effluent). The concentration of phytosterols found in the mixed kraft pulp mill effluent was higher than in the effluent from Pinus radiata, with values of 0.1082 and 0.02 μg/L, respectively. The phytosterols per se are responsible for 12.9% and 8.1% of the deviation from the natural shape, while the kraft pulp mill effluents account for 25.6%–27.8% of shape deviation. The role of β-sitosterol and stigmasterol is discussed in relation to endocrine disruption.
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This work was partially supported by Fondecyt Grant No. 1070509.
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López, D., Chamorro, S., Silva, J. et al. Chronic Effects of Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus globulus Kraft Mill Effluents and Phytosterols on Daphnia magna . Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 633–637 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0409-6
- Kraft pulp mill effluents
- Endocrine disruption
- Daphnia magna