Skip to main content

Chronic Effects of Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus globulus Kraft Mill Effluents and Phytosterols on Daphnia magna

Abstract

Two kraft pulp mill effluents were compared in terms of their chronic toxicity to Daphnia magna. One resulted from pulping Pinus radiata and the other came from a parallel processing of Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus globulus (mixed kraft pulp mill effluent). The concentration of phytosterols found in the mixed kraft pulp mill effluent was higher than in the effluent from Pinus radiata, with values of 0.1082 and 0.02 μg/L, respectively. The phytosterols per se are responsible for 12.9% and 8.1% of the deviation from the natural shape, while the kraft pulp mill effluents account for 25.6%–27.8% of shape deviation. The role of β-sitosterol and stigmasterol is discussed in relation to endocrine disruption.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Belmonte M, Xavier C, Decap J, Martínez M, Sierra R, Vidal G (2006) Improvement of the abietic acid biodegradation contained in ECF effluent due to biomass adaptation. J Hazard Mater 135:256–263

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Brennan S, Brougham C, Roche J, Fogarty A (2006) Multi-generational effects of four selected environmental oestrogens on Daphnia magna. Chemosphere 64:49–55

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Chamorro S, Xavier C, Vidal G (2005) Behaviour of aromatic compounds contained in the kraft mill effluents measurements by UV–VIS. Biotechnol Prog 21:1567–1571

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Chamorro S, Hernández V, Monsalvez E, Becerra J, Mondaca MA, Piña B, Vidal G (2010) Detection of estrogenic activity from kraft mill effluents by yeast estrogen screen. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 84:165–169

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Goto T, Hiromi J (2003) Toxicity of 17a-ethynylestradiol and norethindrone, constituents of an oral contraceptive pill to the swimming and reproduction of cladoceran Daphnia magna, with special reference to their synergetic effect. Marine Pollut Bull 47:139–142

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Hewitt LM, Parrott JL, McMaster ME (2006) A decade of research on the environmental impacts of pulp and paper mill effluents in Canada: sources and characteristics of bioactive substances. J Toxicol Environ Health B 9:341–356

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. La Fleur LE (1996) Sources of pulping and bleaching derived chemical in effluents. In: Servos MR, Munkittrick KR, Carey JH, Van der Kraak GJ (eds) Environmental fate and effects of pulp and paper mill effluents. St Lucie Press, Delray Press, FL, USA, pp 21–31

    Google Scholar 

  8. Nikkilä A, Kukkonen JVK (2001) Effects of dissolved organic material on binding and toxicokinetics of Pyrene in the waterflea Daphnia magna. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 40:333–338

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Olmstead AW, LeBlanc GA (2000) Effects of endocrine-active chemicals on the development of sex characteristics of Daphnia magna. Environ Toxicol Chem 19:2107–2113

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Orrego R, Guchardi J, Hernandez V, Krause R, Roti L, Armour J, Ganeshakumar M, Holdway D (2009) Pulp and paper mill effluent treatments have differential endocrine-disrupting effects on rainbow trout. Environ Toxicol Chem 28:181–188

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. USEPA (1994) Short-term methods for estimating the chronic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to freshwater organisms. EPA/600/4-91/002, Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 206460

  12. van den Heuvel M, Ellis R, Tremblay L, Stuthridge T (2002) Exposure of reproductive maturing rainbow trout to a New Zealand pulp and paper mill effluent. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 51:65–75

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Verta M, Ahtiainen J, Nakari T, Langi A, Talka E (1996) The effect of waste constituents on toxicity of TCF and ECF pulp bleaching effluents. In: Servos MR, Munkittrick KR, Carey JH, Van der Kraak GJ (eds) Environmental fate and effects of pulp and paper mill effluents. St Lucie Press, Delray Press, FL, USA, pp 41–51

    Google Scholar 

  14. Vidal G, Diez MC (2005) Methanogenic toxicity of wood processing effluents. J Environ Manage 74:317–325

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Xavier C, Chamorro S, Vidal G (2005) Chronic effects of kraft mill effluents and endocrine active chemical on Daphnia magna. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 75:670–676

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported by Fondecyt Grant No. 1070509.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to G. Vidal.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

López, D., Chamorro, S., Silva, J. et al. Chronic Effects of Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus globulus Kraft Mill Effluents and Phytosterols on Daphnia magna . Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 633–637 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0409-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Kraft pulp mill effluents
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Daphnia magna