Skip to main content

Seasonal Dynamics of Dissolved Metals in Surface Coastal Waters of Southwest India

Abstract

Spatial and temporal variations in concentration of dissolved metals viz. Copper (Cu), Lead (Pb), Chromium (Cr), Nickel (Ni), Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd) and Mercury (Hg) in surface waters of southwest coast of India were studied. Concentrations of metals showed an aberration both temporally and spatially. Seasonal average concentrations of the analyzed metals followed the order Zn > Ni > Cu > Pb > Cd > Cr > Hg. The degree of contamination due to metal was determined by comparison with coastal water quality criteria. It established enrichment of Cu, Zn, Ni and Hg due to anthropogenic influence along southwest coast of India.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Accornero A, Manfra L, Salluzzo A, Modestia F (2004) Trace metal pollution in surface marine waters: nearshore concentrations along Apulia and Albania. Chem Ecol 20:195–203

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Balachandran KK, Laluraj CM, Martin GD, Srinivas K, Venugopal P (2005) Environmental analysis of heavy metal deposition in a flow-restricted tropical estuary and its adjacent shelf. Environ Forensics 7:345–351

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Bruland KW, Knauer GA, Martin JH (1978) Zinc in northeast Pacific water. Nature 271:741–743

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Dassenakis MI, Kloukiniotou MA, Pavlidou AS (1996) The influence of long existing pollution on trace metal levels in a small tidal Mediterranean bay. Mar Pollut Bull 32:275–282

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Furness RW, Rainbow PS (1990) Heavy metals in the marine environment. CRS Press, Florida

    Google Scholar 

  6. Govindasamy C, Azariah J (1999) Seasonal variation of heavy metals in coastal water of the Coromandel coast, Bay of Bengal, India. Indian J Mar Sci 28:249–256

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Govindasamy C, Viji RG, Azariah J (1997) Seasonal variation of heavy metals in water and zooplankton of Pondicherry coast, Bay of Bengal. Int J Eco Environ Sci 23:10–16

    Google Scholar 

  8. Grasshoff K (1999) Methods of seawater analyses. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim

    Book  Google Scholar 

  9. Hildebrand M (2000) Silicic acid transport and its control during cell wall silicification in diatoms. In: Baeuerlein E (ed) Biomineralization: from biology to biotechnology and medical application. Wiley-VCH, New York, p 188

    Google Scholar 

  10. Hoare K, Davenport J, Beaumont AR (1995) Effects of exposure and previous exposure to copper on growth of veligar larvae and survivorship of Mytilus edulis juveniles. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 120:163–168

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Hudson RJM, Covault DT, Morel FMM (1992) Investigations of iron coordination and redox reactions in seawater using 59Fe radiometry and ion-pair solvent extraction of amphiphilic iron complexes. Mar Chem 38:209–235

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Le Jeune AH, Charpin M, Sargos D, Lenain JF, Deluchat V, Ngayila N, Baudu M, Amblard C (2007) Planktonic microbial community responses to added copper. Aqua Toxicol 83:223–237

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Maria JB, Oihana S, Victoriano V, Victor P (2004) Contaminants in estuarine and coastal water. In: Borja A, Collins M (eds) Oceanography and marine environment of The Basque Country, Elsevier oceanography series, Amsterdam, p 616

  14. Mart L, Nurnberg HW (1986) Cd, Pb, Cu, Ni and Co distribution in the German Bight. Mar Chem 18:197–213

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Mayer LM (1988) Geochemistry of chromium in oceans. In: Nriagu JO, Nieboer E (eds) Chromium in the natural and human environments. Wiley, New York, p 173

    Google Scholar 

  16. Price NM, Morel FMM (1991) Co limitation of phytoplankton growth by nickel and nitrogen. Limnol Oceanogr 36:1071–1077

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Qasim SZ, Sengupta R (1983) Marine pollution studies in India. In: Varshney CK (ed) Water pollution and management review. South Asian Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, p 159

    Google Scholar 

  18. Rejomon G, Nair M, Joseph T (2010) Trace metal dynamics in fishes from the Southwest coast of India. Environ Monit Assess 167:243–255

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Salomons W, Fostner U (1984) Metals in the hydro cycle. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  20. Tada K, Morishita M, Hamada K, Montani S (2001) Standing stock and production rate of phytoplankton and a red tide outbreak in a heavily eutrophic embayment, Dokai Bay, Japan. Mar Pollut Bull 42:1177–1186

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. UNEP (1996) The state of the marine and coastal environment in the Mediterranean Region. UNEP, Athens

    Google Scholar 

  22. Venkataraman K, Wafar M (2005) Coastal and marine biodiversity of India. Indian J Mar Sci 34:57–75

    Google Scholar 

  23. Water Quality Criteria (1972) A report of the committee on water quality criteria. NAS, Washington DC

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Dr. N. P. Kurian, Director, CESS for the facilities provided. The financial assistance from Ministry of Earth Science, New Delhi in the form of a sponsored project Coastal Ocean Monitoring and Prediction System (COMAPS) is gratefully acknowledged.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. Udayakumar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Udayakumar, P., Chandran, A., Jean Jose, J. et al. Seasonal Dynamics of Dissolved Metals in Surface Coastal Waters of Southwest India. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 662–668 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0402-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Heavy metal
  • Enrichment factor
  • Coastal water
  • Southwest India