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Emissions of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDFs) in Iran


The aim of this study was estimation of PCDD/PCDFs emissions from various sources in Iran. The results indicated total PCDD/PCDFs emissions in Iran in 2010, was 1,957 g TEQ. Of this amount, about 705.8, 0.5, 463.5, 144.1 and 643.2 g TEQ/year was released to air, water, land, products, and in residues, respectively. Open burning processes and metal production are the major contributors to be known environmental sources of PCDD/PCDFs that contribute to about 70% of total PCDD/PCDFs emissions in Iran. The results showed that total PCDD/PCDFs emissions in Iran per inhabitant were about 26.5 g TEQ/million that is high relatively.

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Correspondence to Amir Hossein Mahvi.

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Momeniha, F., Nabizadeh, R., Hassanvand, M.S. et al. Emissions of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDFs) in Iran. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 708–712 (2011).

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  • Persistent organic pollutants
  • Dioxins
  • Furans
  • Emission
  • Iran