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Residual Pyrethroids in Fresh Horticultural Products in Sonora, Mexico

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the presence of cyhialothrin, cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, fenvalerate, and deltamethrin in vegetables produced and consumed in Sonora, Mexico. A total of 345 samples were collected from cluster sampling of markets and fields. Approximately 9% of the samples tested positive for pyrethroids (residue range 0.004–0.573 mg kg−1). Based on the results, the potential toxicological risk of human exposure to the pyrethroid insecticides measured in vegetables appears to be minimal, with the estimated exposure being 1,000 times lower than admissible levels.

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Acknowledgments

This study was carried out with financial support from the UC MEXUS-CONACyT collaborative grants CN-07-55.The authors express recognition the support and guidance from Jose Luis Aguiar, Farm Advisor; Vegetable crops-Small Farms from University of California Cooperative Extension Riverside County and Mary Kay O’Rourke, Jill de Zapien and Cecilia Rosales, Professors, College of Public Health from University of Arizona. Margarita Falcón, Viviana López, María Josefa Cárdenas and Loreto Fuentes for technical support.

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Correspondence to Maria L. Aldana-Madrid.

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Aldana-Madrid, M.L., Valenzuela-Quintanar, A.I., Silveira-Gramont, M.I. et al. Residual Pyrethroids in Fresh Horticultural Products in Sonora, Mexico. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 436 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0391-z

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Keywords

  • Pyrethroids
  • Insecticides
  • Vegetables
  • Toxicological