Skip to main content

Assessment of Polychlorinated Biphenyls Contamination in Sediment and Organism from Xiamen Offshore Area, China


In Xiamen offshore area, sediment polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) concentrations ranged from 2.33 to 30.94 ng/g, with an average value of 8.94 ng/g. The in situ organic carbon normalized partition coefficients (log K′ oc) of the 12 co-polar congeners PCBs between sediments and porewater were from 1.50 to 2.64, and the log K′ oc decreased with increasing chlorine number. PCB congeners pattern of marine organism were characterized by 5–6 CB chlorinated compounds, and the world health organization total dioxin equivalents of PCBs in organism ranged from 1.45 to 88.26 pg/g lipid.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2


  1. China SEPA (2003) Building the capacity of the People’s Republic of China to implement the Stockholm convention on POPs and develop a National implementation plan. GEF project brief (GF/CPR/02/010)

  2. Colombo JC, Cappelletti N, Barreda A (2005) Vertical fluxes and accumulation of PCBs in coastal sediments of the Río de la Plata estuary, Argentina. Chemosphere 61(9):1345–1367

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. HO KC, Hui KC (2001) Chemical contamination of the East River (Dong-jiang) and its implication on sustainable development in the Pearl River Delta. Environ Int 26(3):303–308

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Karickhoff SW (1981) Semi-empirical estimation of sorption of hydrophobic pollutants on natural sediments and soils. Chemosphere 10:833–846

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Li QZ, Zhang X, Yan CZ (2010) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination of recent sediments and marine organisms from Xiamen Bay, China. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 58:711–721

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Maskaouim K, Zhou JL, Zheng T (2005) Organochlorine micropollutants in the Jiulong River Estuary and Western Xiamen Sea, China. Mar Pollut Bull 51:950–959

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Parnell EP, Groceb AK, Stebbins TD, Dayton PK (2008) Discriminating sources of PCB contamination in fish on the coastal shelfoff San Diego, California (USA). Mar Pollut Bull 56:1992–2002

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Rushneck DR, Beliveau A, Fowler B, Hamilton C, Hoover D, Kaye K, Berg M (2004) Concentrations of dioxin-like PCB congeners in unweathered Aroclors by HRGC/HRMS using EPA method 1668A. Chemosphere 54:79–87

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Safe SH (1998) Hazad and risk assessment of chemical mixtures using the toxic equivalency factor approach. Environ Health Perspect 106:1051–1058

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Streets SS, Henderson SA, Stoner AD, Carlson DL, Simick MF, Swackhamer DL (2006) Partitioning and bioaccumulation of PBDEs and PCBs in Lake Michigan. Environ Sci Technol 40:7263–7269

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Voorspoels S, Covact A, Maervoet J, Messter ID, Schepens P (2004) Levels and profiles of PCBs and OCPs in marine benthic species from the Belgian North Sea and the Western Scheldt Estuary. Mar Pollut Bull 49:393–404

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Xing Y, Lu YL, Dawson RW, Shi YJ, Zhang H, Wang TY, Liu WB, Ren HC (2005) A spatial temporal assessment of pollution from PCBs in China. Chemosphere 60:731–739

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Zhang ZL, Hong HS, Zhou JL (2003) Fate and assessment of persistent organic pollutants in water and sediment from Minjiang River Estuary, Southeast China. Chemosphere 52(9):1423–1430

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Zhang JY, Qiu LM, He J, Liao Y, Luo YM (2007a) Occurrence and congeners specific of polychlorinated biphenyls in agricultural soils from Southern Jiangsu, China. J Environ Sci 19:338–342

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Zhang P, Song JM, Liu ZG, Zheng GX, Zhang NX, He ZP (2007b) PCBs and its coupling with eco-environments in Southern Yellow Sea surface sediments. Mar Pollut Bull 54:1105–1115

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Zhang X, Li QZ, Li GX, Yan CZ, Wang ZS (2009) Levels of estrogenic compounds in Xiamen Bay sediment, China. Mar Pollut Bull 58:1210–1216

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Zhao L, Hou H, Zou YY, Xue ND, Li HY, Li FS (2010) Distribution and ecological risk of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in surficial sediments from Haihe River and Haihe Estuary Area, China. Chemosphere 78(10):1285–1293

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references


This study is supported by International Cooperation of Ministry Science and Technology of China (No. 2009DFB), key scientific and technological projects of Henan Province (112102310442) and National Nature Science Foundation of China (Project No. 41001327).

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Changzhou Yan.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Li, Q., Luo, Z., Yan, C. et al. Assessment of Polychlorinated Biphenyls Contamination in Sediment and Organism from Xiamen Offshore Area, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 372 (2011).

Download citation


  • Xiamen offshore area
  • PCBs
  • Sediment
  • Organisms