Skip to main content

Assessment of Pollution with Aquatic Bryophytes in Maritsa River (Bulgaria)

Abstract

Bryophyte species composition and 26 common physico-chemical and inorganic chemical parameters were assessed at 23 selected sites in the Maritsa River (BG) over a 4-year period. Principal components analyses (PCA) of both bryophytes and water variables distinguished different locations in the ecosystem. The data imply that the content of elements measured in bryophytes represents river contamination, while species compositional patterns reflect hydromorphology and general degradation. This study for the first time combined aquatic bryophyte occurrence, the bioaccumulation of 17 macro-and microelements in 17 species, and 26 water factors by principal components analysis (PCA) in an assessment of river pollution.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Regulation No. 7 (1986) about the parameters and norms for defining the quality of the running surface waters. State Gazette 96

  2. Cesa M, Bizzotto A, Ferraro C, Fumagalli F, Nimis PL (2006) Assessment of intermittent trace element pollution by moss bags. Environ Poll 144(3):886–892

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Cesa M, Bizzotto A, Ferraro C, Fumagalli F, Nimis PL (2010) Palladio, an index of trace element alteration for the River Bacchiglione based on Rhynchostegium riparioides moss bags. Water Air Soil Pollut 208:59–77

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Dierssen K (2001) Distribution. Ecological amplitude and phytosociological characterization of European bryophytes, J Cramer Berlin-Stuttgard

    Google Scholar 

  5. Ganeva A, Natcheva R (2003) Check-list of the bryophytes of Bulgaria with data on their distribution. I Hepaticae Anthocerotae Cryptog Bryol 24:229–239

    Google Scholar 

  6. Glime JM, Vitt DH (1987) A comparison of bryophyte species diversity and structure of montane streams and stream banks. Canadian J Bot 65:1824–1837

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Grolle R, Long DG (2000) An annotated check-list of the Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of Europe and Macaronesia. J Bryol 22:103

    Google Scholar 

  8. Hill MO, Bell N, Bruggeman-Nannenga MA, Brugués M, Cano MJ, Enroth J, Flatberg KI, Frahm J-P, Gallego MT, Garilleti R, Guerra J, Hedenäs L, Holyoak DT, Hyvönen J, Ignatov MS, Lara F, Mazimpaka V, Muñoz J, Söderström L (2006) An annotated checklist of the mosses of Europe and Macaronesia. J Bryol 28(3):198–267

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Illies J (1978) Limnofauna Europaea. Gustav Fischer, New York

    Google Scholar 

  10. López J, Retuerto R, Carballeira A (1997) D665/D665a index versus frequencies as indicators of bryophyte response to physicochemical gradients. Ecol 78(1):261–271

    Google Scholar 

  11. Natcheva R, Ganeva A (2005) Check-list of the bryophytes of Bulgaria. II Musci Cryptog Bryol 26:149–172

    Google Scholar 

  12. Peñuelas J (1984) Pigments of aquatic mosses of the River Muga, NE Spain, and their response to water pollution. Lindberg 10:127–132

    Google Scholar 

  13. Samecka-Cymerman A, Kolon K, Kempers AJ (2002) Heavy metals in aquatic bryophytes from the Ore Mountains (Germany). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 52:203–210

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Scarlett P, O’Hare M (2006) Community structure of in-stream bryophytes in English and Welsh rivers. Hydrobiol 553:143–152

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Steinnes E, Rühling Å, Lippo H, Mäkinen A (1997) Reference materials for large- scale metal deposition survey. Accredit and Qual Assur 2:243–249

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Ter Braak CJF, Smilauer P (2002) CANOCO reference manual and CanoDraw for Windows user’s guide: software for canonical community ordination (version 4.5). Microcomputer Power, Ithaca, New York

    Google Scholar 

  17. Vazquez MD, Wappelhorst O, Markert B (2004) Determination of 28 elements in aquatic moss Fontinalis antipyretica Hedw and water from the upper reaches of the River Nysa (CZ, D), by ICP-MS, ICP-OES and AAS. Water Air Soil Poll 152:153–172

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Vieira AR, Gonzalez C, Branquinho C, Martins-Louc MA (2009) Intracellular and extracellular ammonium (NH4+) uptake and its toxic effects on the aquatic biomonitor Fontinalis antipyretica. Ecotoxicol 18:1087–1094

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Mrs Rositsa Andreeva for her assistance in Analytical Laboratory, IBER, BAS. Also we are thankful to Mrs Galina Stoyanova, Chief of Certified Laboratory Geochemistry, University of Mining, Sofia, and to Mr Zlatko Gospodinov, who provided field assistance, and to Editor-in-Chief Dr. Herbert Nigg, Associate Editor and three anonymous peer reviewers for their outstanding contributions to this manuscript.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Lilyana Yurukova.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gecheva, G., Yurukova, L. & Ganeva, A. Assessment of Pollution with Aquatic Bryophytes in Maritsa River (Bulgaria). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 480 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0377-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Aquatic bryophytes
  • River pollution
  • Heavy metals
  • Toxic elements