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Comparative Tissue Distribution of Heavy Metals in House Sparrow (Passer domesticus, Aves) in Polluted and Reference Sites in Turkey

Abstract

Bioindicators are useful for environmental monitoring in ecosystems with pollution loads. We compared concentrations of selected 10 metals in 42 samples of House Sparrow in a polluted by thermal power plant and reference sites. We found mean tissue concentrations of some metals to be significantly higher in sparrows from the polluted area when compared to tissues from the reference site. In liver mean concentrations of Cu (35.85 ± 17.22 mg kg−1) and Zn (101.76 ± 26.38 mg kg−1) were significantly higher and concentration of Ni (0.43 ± 0.49 mg kg−1) were significantly lower in sparrows from the polluted area (p < 0.05). The concentration of Cu was significantly higher in muscle and liver at the polluted site. Gender did not seem to influence residue levels, of the elements studied, among sparrows with the exception of kidney cobalt concentrations; which were higher in female sparrows than in males (p < 0.05, t = −2.409).

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Acknowledgments

The research was supported by Mehmet Akif Ersoy University (BAP 0093-NAP-10). We are grateful to H. Kuleaşan and H. Tunçmen who helped with the analyses of the bird samples. We thank Işıl and Deniz Albayrak for their efforts in the field work.

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Correspondence to Tamer Albayrak.

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Albayrak, T., Mor, F. Comparative Tissue Distribution of Heavy Metals in House Sparrow (Passer domesticus, Aves) in Polluted and Reference Sites in Turkey. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 457 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0364-2

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Keywords

  • House Sparrow
  • Passer domesticus
  • Yatağan Thermal Power Plant
  • Tissue heavy metal levels
  • Bioindicator species