Skip to main content

Phytoextraction Potential of Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. with Specific Reference to Lead and Cadmium

Abstract

Root and shoot samples of Prosopis juliflora were assessed for their heavy metal content to evaluate the species as a green solution to decontaminate soils contaminated with lead and cadmium. The highest uptake of both the metals was observed in plants from industrial sites. Sites with more anthropogenic disturbance exhibited reduced chlorophyll levels, stunted growth, delayed and shortened reproductive phase. The ratios of lead and cadmium in leaves to lead and cadmium in soil were in the range of 0.62–1.46 and 0.55–1.71, respectively. Strong correlation between the degree of contamination and concentrations of lead and cadmium in plant samples identifies P. juliflora as an effective heavy metal remediator coupled with environmental stress.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Arnon DI (1949) Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts: polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiol 24:1–15

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Barman SC, Sahu RK, Bhargava SK, Chatterjee C (2000) Distribution of heavy metals in wheat, mustard and weed grown in field irrigated with industrial effluents. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 64:489–496

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. D’souza RJ, Varun M, Masih J, Paul MS (2010) Identification of Calotropis procera L. as a potential phytoaccumulator of heavy metals from contaminated soils in Urban North Central India. J Hazard Mater 184:457–464

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Duruibe JO, Ogwuegbu MOC, Egwurungu JN (2007) Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. Int J Phys Sci 2(5):112–118

    Google Scholar 

  5. Ghosh M, Singh SP (2005) A review of phytoremediation of heavy metals and utilization of its byproducts. Appl Ecol Environ Res 3(1):1–18

    Google Scholar 

  6. Jackson ML (1973) Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  7. Küper H, Lombi E, Zhao FJ, McGrath SP (2000) Cellular compartmentation of cadmium and zinc in relation to other elements in hyperaccumulator Arabdiopsis halleri. Planta 212:75–84

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Liphadzi MS, Kirkham MB (2005) Phytoremediation of soil contaminated with heavy metals: a technology for rehabilitation of the environment. S Afr J Bot 71(1):24–37

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Lombi E, Zhao FJ, Dunham SJ, McGrath SP (2001) Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil: natural hyperaccumulation versus chemically enhanced phytoextraction. J Environ Qual 30:1919–1926

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Luo C, Shen Z, Li X (2005) Enhanced phytoextraction of Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd with EDTA and EDDS. Chemosphere 59:1–11

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Nabuloa G, Origa HO, Diamond M (2006) Assessment of lead, cadmium, and zinc contamination of roadside soils, surface films, and vegetables in Kampala City, Uganda. Environ Res 101:42–52

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Peng KJ, Luo CL, Chen YH, Wang GP, Li XD, Shen ZG (2009) Cadmium and other metal uptake by Lobelia chinensis and Solanum nigrum from contaminated soils. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83:260–264

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Pierzyenski GM, Schnoor JL, Banks MK, Tracy JC, Licht LA, Erickson LE (1994) Vegetative remediation at superfund sites. In: Hester RE, Harrison RM (eds) Mining and its environmental impact. Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp 49–69

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  14. Piper CS (1966) Soil and plant analysis. Interscience Publisher, New York

    Google Scholar 

  15. Psaras GK, Manetas Y (2001) Nickel localization in seeds of the metal hyperaccumulator Thlaspi pindicum Hausskn. Ann Bot 88:513–516

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Varun M, D’souza RJ, Kumar D, Paul MS (2010) Bioassay as monitoring system for lead phytoremediation through Crinum asiaticum L. Environ Monit Assess. doi:10.1007/s10661-010-1696-9

  17. Yoo MS, James BR (2002) Zinc extractability as a function of pH in organic waste-amended soils. Soil Sci 167:246–259

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

Financial support from University Grants Commission [F. no. 35-47/2008(SR)] is gratefully acknowledged.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mayank Varun.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Varun, M., D’Souza, R., Pratas, J. et al. Phytoextraction Potential of Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. with Specific Reference to Lead and Cadmium. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 45 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0305-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Lead
  • Cadmium
  • Prosopis juliflora
  • Phytoremediation