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Phthalates in Toys Available in Indian Market

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Abstract

Twenty four children’s toys and child care articles available in the local market of India were analyzed for eight phthalates as children toys are plasticized with phthalates. All toy samples showed the presence of one or more phthalates including di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (96% of the samples), di-iso-nonyl phthalate and di-iso-decyl phthalate (42% of the samples) at a concentration ranging from 0.1% to 16.2%. Soft toys contain higher levels of phthalates as compared to hard toys as primary function of phthalates is softening of hard plastic materiel.

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Acknowledgments

We thank Ms. Sunita Narain, Director General, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) for providing facilities, valuable advice and encouragement and Mr. Chandra Bhushan, Deputy Director General, CSE for the help in planning and execution of the work. We also thank Professors H.B. Mathur and H.C. Agarwal for their technical guidance and encouragement during the investigation.

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Correspondence to Sapna Johnson.

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Johnson, S., Saikia, N. & Sahu, R. Phthalates in Toys Available in Indian Market. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 86, 621–626 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0263-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0263-6

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