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Sensitivity Comparison of Laboratory-Cultured and Field-Collected Amphipod Corophium multisetosum in Toxicity Tests

Abstract

The feasibility of using lab-cultured amphipods Corophium multisetosum (Stock 1952) to evaluate the toxicity of contaminants present within marine sediments was studied. This was done by comparing the sensitivity of lab-cultured amphipods in a cadmium toxicity test and to toxic sediment samples, during a 10-days bioassay, with field collected individuals. Different responses were observed between field and cultured individuals. Cadmium test indicated high temporal variability in the LC50 values of field amphipods (2.40–6.55 mg L−1). Sensitivity of cultured amphipods was within the seasonal range of the field individuals (5.81 mg L−1, LC50). However, culture amphipods showed much lower sensitivity in toxic sediment samples. Our results indicate that sensitivity should be determined using a sediment matrix, if the assessment of toxicity is based upon bioassays performed with cultured burrower-amphipods.

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Acknowledgments

We thank Fundación Centros Tecnológicos–Iñaki Goenaga and Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia and Fondo Social Europeo (Torres Quevedo, PTQ04-3-0597) for supporting I. Menchaca (PhD fellowship), Natalia Montero (specialization fellowship) and J.M. Garmendia. This paper constitutes part of the PhD Thesis of I. Menchaca. We wish to thank several people from AZTI, especially to Dr. Joana Larreta, for their help in the laboratory analyses. The authors are grateful to Professor Michael Collins (School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, UK) and Dr. Paul de Bruyn for providing some useful suggestions. This is contribution number 489 of AZTI-Tecnalia Marine Research Division.

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Correspondence to Iratxe Menchaca.

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Menchaca, I., Belzunce, M.J., Franco, J. et al. Sensitivity Comparison of Laboratory-Cultured and Field-Collected Amphipod Corophium multisetosum in Toxicity Tests. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 84, 390–394 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-010-9960-9

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Keywords

  • Bioassay
  • Cadmium
  • Corophium multisetosum
  • Culture