The objective of this study was to evaluate the environmental behavior of different types of automotive lubricant oils. Based on respirometry assays the biodegradability was monitored, and toxicological tests were executed to assess the lubricants toxicity before and after microbial activity. Used oil was the most biodegradable, however, it was the most toxic. Also, all lubricants presented toxicity even after biodegradation due to 40% Eruca sativa germination inhibition and a low LC50 to Eisenia foetida (0.50–0.25 mL). Moreover, used automotive lubricants have a high toxicity because of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons concentration that establishes them as a potential carcinogen.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Atlas RM, Cerniglia CE (1995) Bioremediation of petroleum pollutants. Bioscience 45:332–338
Balba MT, Al-Awadhi N, Al-Daher R (1998) Bioremediation of oil-contaminated soil: microbiologics methods for feasibility, assessment and field evaluation. J Microbiol Methods 32:155–164
Battersby NS (2000) The biodegradability and microbial toxicity testing of lubricants – some recommendations. Chemosphere 41:1011–1027
Bolognesi C, Perrone E, Roggieri P, Sciutto A (2006) Bioindicators in monitoring long term genotoxic impact of oil spill: Haven case study. Mar Environ Res 62:S287–S291
Brazil (1988) Evaluation of the toxicity to soil organisms: earthworms Eisenia foetida. In: Manual of tests for evaluation the ecotoxicity of chemical agents. Ministry of Interior – Special Secretary of Environment, Brasília, pp. D5.1–7
Cetesb – Environmental Sanitation and Technology Company (1990) Soils – residuals biodegradation determination – Bartha respirometric method. Technical Standard L6.350, São Paulo, Brazil
Chaîneau CH, Morel JL, Oudot J (1997) Phytotoxicity and plant uptake of fuel oil hydrocarbons. J Environ Qual 26(6):1478–1483
Chaîneau CH, Yepremian C, Vidalie JF, Ducreux J, Ballerini D (2003) Bioremediation of a crude oil-polluted soil: biodegradation, leaching and toxicity assessments. Water Air Soil Pollut 144:419–440
Delistraty D, Stone A (2007) Dioxins, metals, and fish toxicity in ash residue from space heaters burning used motor oil. Chemosphere 68:907–914
Henry JA (1998) Composition and toxicity of petroleum products and their additives. Hum Exp Toxicol 17(2):111–123
Lea C (2007) Energy savings through use of advanced biodegradable lubricants. Ind Lubr Tribol 59(3):132–136
Lopes PRM, Bidoia ED (2009) Evaluation of the biodegradation of different types of lubricant oil in liquid medium. Braz Arch Biol Technol 52(5):1285–1290
Menendez-Vega D, Gallego JLR, Pelaez AI et al (2007) Engineered in situ bioremediation of soil and groundwater polluted with weathered hydrocarbons. Eur J Soil Biol 43:310–321
Reuschenbacha P, Paggaa U, Strotmann U (2003) A critical comparison of respirometric biodegradation tests based on OECD 301 and related test methods[J]. Water Res 37(7):1571–1582
Vazquez-Duhalt R (1989) Environmental impact of used motor oil. Sci Total Environ 79(1):1–23
Yang L, Zhu Y, Fan G, Sun Y, Xie S (2008) Test on evaluation method for biodegradability of lubricants. Trans Tianjin Univ 14:61–65
The authors acknowledge PRH-ANP/FINEP/MCT-CTPETRO (PRH-05), FAPESP and CNPq for financial support.
About this article
Cite this article
Lopes, P.R.M., Montagnolli, R.N., de Fátima Domingues, R. et al. Toxicity and Biodegradation in Sandy Soil Contaminated by Lubricant Oils. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 84, 454–458 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-010-9945-8