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Anaerobic Biodegradability and Inhibitory Effects of Some Anionic and Cationic Surfactants

Abstract

The anaerobic biodegradability and inhibitory effects on the methane production of three different surfactants, two anionic: sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS), and a cationic surfactant: trialkyl-methylammonium chloride (TMAC), were evaluated with two different anaerobic sludges, granular and flocculent. Five different concentrations of the surfactants, 5, 50, 100, 250 and 500 mg/L, were tested. SLS was biodegraded at concentrations of 5, 50 and 100 mg/L with flocculent sludge and at 100 and 250 mg/L with granular sludge. However an inhibitory effect on methane production was observed in both sludges at 500 mg/L. The results indicate that SDBS was not biodegradable under anoxic conditions. TMAC was slightly degraded 50 and 100 mg/L with the flocculent sludge, and from 100 to 500 mg/L with the granular sludge.

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Correspondence to Beatriz Pérez-Armendáriz.

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Pérez-Armendáriz, B., Moreno, Y.M., Monroy-Hermosillo, O. et al. Anaerobic Biodegradability and Inhibitory Effects of Some Anionic and Cationic Surfactants. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 85, 269–273 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-010-0096-8

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Keywords

  • Anaerobic degradation
  • Anaerobic sludge
  • Anionic surfactants
  • Cationic surfactant
  • UASB