Skip to main content

Residue and Bio-Efficacy Evaluation of Controlled Release Formulations of Metribuzin Against Weeds in Wheat

Abstract

Controlled release formulations of metribuzin in polyvinyl chloride, (emulsion); carboxy methyl cellulose, CMC and carboxy methyl cellulose- kaolinite composite, CMC-KAO are reported. The MET-CMC-KAO-3 (T9) formulation provided a superior control (76.1%) of weeds in field grown wheat in comparison to metribuzin 75 DF (57.14%) at the dose (350 g a.i. ha−1) after 90 days of sowing. The treatment (T9) reduced the dry weight of the weed flora after 30 days of sowing (4.0 g m−2) and significantly superior over metribuzin 75 DF (6.0 g m−2) and control (17.72 g m−2). There were nil to negligible metribuzin residue in soil at harvest of wheat crop and were within prescribed limit of 10 mg L−1 in drinking water (EPA).

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Bedmar F, Luis JC, Suero E, Gimenez D (2004) Transport of atrazine and metribuzin in three soils of the humid pampas of Argentina. Weed Tech 18:1–8

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Choudhary G, Kumar J, Walia S, Parsad R, Parmar BS (2006a) Development of controlled release formulations of carbofuran and evaluation of their efficacy against Meloidogyne incognita. J Agric Food Chem 54:4727–4733

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Choudhary G, Kumar J, Walia S, Parsad R, Parmar BS (2006b) Controlled release of carbofuran into water from polymeric matrices. Pesticide Res J 18:65–69

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Fernandez-Perez M, Gonzalez-Pradas E, Urena-Amte MD, Wilkins RM, Lindup I (1998) Controlled release of imidacloprid from a lignin matrix: water release and soil mobility study. J Agric Food Chem 46:3826–3834

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Fernandez-Perez M, Villafranca-Sanchez M, Gonzalez-Pradas E, Flores-Cespedes F (1999) Controlled release of diuron from an alginate-bentonite formulation: water release kinetics and soil mobility study. J Agric Food Chem 47:791–798

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Fernandez-Perez M, Villafranca-Sanchez M, Gonzalez-Pradas E, Martinez-Lopez F, Flores-Cespedes F (2000) Controlled release of Carbofuran from an alginate bentonite formulation water release kinetics and soil mobility. J Agric Food Chem 48:938–943

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Johnson RM, Pepperman AB (1996) Leaching of alachlor from alginate-encapsulated controlled-release formulation. Pesticide Sci 48:157–164

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Kumar J, Singh G, Walia S, Prasad R, Parmar BS (2003) Controlled release formulations of butachlor: Soil release and bioefficacy against Echinochloa colonum. Indian J Agric Sci 73:441–445

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Kumar J, Singh G, Palta RK, Walia S, Parsad R, Parmar BS (2006) Field appraisal of controlled release formulations of carbofuran against the rice leaffolder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (guenee). Indian J Agric Sci 76:732–735

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Maqueda C, Villaverde J, Sopena F, Undabeytia T, Morillo E (2008) Novel system for reducing leaching of the herbicide metribuzin using clay-gel-based formulations. J Agric Food Chem 56:11941–11946

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Mulqueen PJ (1998) Recent developments on safer formulations of agrichemicals. In Knowles DA (ed) Chemistry and technology of agrochemicals formulations. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Great Britain. pp. 121–157

  12. Nisar K, Kumar J, Shakil N, Pankaj, Walia S, Parmar BS (2009) Controlled Release Formulations of Acephate: Water and Soil Release Kinetics. J Environ Sci Health B 44:520–525

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Peek D, Appleby AP (1991) Phytotoxicity, adsorption, and mobility of metribuzin and its ethylthio analog as influenced by soil properties. Weed Sci 37:419–423

    Google Scholar 

  14. Ramprasad B, Singh VS, Kumar J, Chandra S (2007) Residue evaluation of controlled release formulations of imidacloprid against rice leaf folder. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 78:235–238

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

Keyath Nisar is grateful to Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, and authorities for granting him senior fellowship for pursuing the doctoral program.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jitendra Kumar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kumar, J., Nisar, K., Shakil, N.A. et al. Residue and Bio-Efficacy Evaluation of Controlled Release Formulations of Metribuzin Against Weeds in Wheat. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 85, 357–361 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-010-0091-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Controlled release metribuzin
  • Herbicidal activity
  • Residue