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Analysis of Arsenic Concentrations and Correlation in Water, Soil and Aurum by Neutron Activation Analysis Technique: A Case Study in Bagerhat, Bangladesh

Abstract

Arsenic concentrations were measured in water, soil and arum (vegetables) samples using the Neutron Activation Analysis method and a correlation between arsenic concentrations in the samples was investigated. The case study at Bagerhat, Bangladesh revealed that almost all the water samples were contaminated by a hazardous level of arsenic that exceeding the World Health Organization recommended value of 0.05 mg/L for Bangladesh. Arsenic concentration of all the water samples ranged from 0.09 to 0.87 mg/L. The concentrations in soil and aurum samples were found to be in the range of 2.22–35.21 and 0.07–0.73 mg/kg, respectively. A positive correlation between arsenic concentrations in soil and water samples was observed. Aurum sample was found to be contaminated by arsenic to a harmful level if the corresponding water sample was also highly contaminated.

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Acknowledgments

We thank the Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University for funding this work and Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) for allowing the experiment to be conducted in their laboratories. Thanks are for the interviewed people of Bagerhat for their assistance in collecting the samples. The staffs of the reactor unit and of the reactor laboratories of INST are acknowledged for their cooperation to conduct the experiment. Thanks are for Chris Chantler and Stephen Peter Best for their supports.

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Correspondence to M. T. Islam.

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Abdullah, S.M.A., Islam, M.T., Islam, S.Z. et al. Analysis of Arsenic Concentrations and Correlation in Water, Soil and Aurum by Neutron Activation Analysis Technique: A Case Study in Bagerhat, Bangladesh. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 85, 301–306 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-010-0075-0

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Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Neutron activation analysis
  • Aurum
  • Same origin