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Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Congeners in Water and Sediment in North West Persian Gulf, Iran


Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) was detected as isomer groups (congener numbers 28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153 and 180) in the coastal water and sediment of four stations around Shadegan wetland protected area in the northwestern part of the Persian Gulf. Total PCB concentration range was 8–375 ng/L in water and 3.4–50.2 μg/g in sediment. Concentration of different congeners and chromatogram indicates that the source of PCB in this area can be Clophen A60; it used for long time in Iranian electronic industries. Other chlorinated hydrocarbons such as lindane, DDT and their metabolites were also present in the samples.

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Correspondence to M. A. Zahed.

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Zahed, M.A., Nabi Bidhendi, G., Pardakhti, A. et al. Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Congeners in Water and Sediment in North West Persian Gulf, Iran. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 899 (2009).

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  • Polychlorinated biphenyl
  • Clophen
  • Persian Gulf
  • Iran