Based on the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in 12 surface sediment samples from Yellow sea, the relative risk of 9 PAHs was investigated using joint risk probability distribution curves and overlapping area, which were generated based on the distributions of exposure and acute toxicity data (LC50), and the sources of PAHs were apportioned using principal component analysis. It was found that joint probability curve and overlapping area indicated the acceptable ecological risk of individual PAHs, only a small fraction of the benthic organisms was affected. Among the nine PAHs studied, the overall risk of pyrene was the highest, with that of naphthalene the lowest. For lower exposure levels at which the percentage of species affected was less than 10%, the risk associated with phenanthrene and fluorene were clearly higher than that of the other seven PAHs. It was indicated that PAHs in surface sediments mainly originated from vehicular emissions, coal combustion sources, coke oven emission and wood combustion, petroleum origin made little influence on sources of PAHs by PCA.
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This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40706039).
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Liu, AX., Lang, YH., Xue, LD. et al. Probabilistic Ecological Risk Assessment and Source Apportionment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Surface Sediments from Yellow Sea. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 681 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9870-x
- Surface sediment
- Probabilistic risk assessment
- Source apportionment