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Estimated PBDE and PBB Congeners in Soil from an Electronics Waste Disposal Site

Abstract

This study estimated PBDE and PBB congener emissions into the environment from three different e-waste disposal sites that consisted of rude broilers (RB), acid baths (AB) and end-up dumps (ED). Different PBDE and PBB congener profiles were analyzed, and some of their emission sources were discussed. For the examined sites, the levels of ΣPBB and ΣPBDE were highest at ED (ΣPBB 1943.86 ng/g, dw; ΣPBDE 990.87 ng/g, dw), followed by RB (ΣPBB 704.58 ng/g, dw; ΣPBDE 799.27 ng/g, dw) and finally AB (ΣPBB 108.78 ng/g, dw; ΣPBDE 171.18 ng/g, dw). PBE-209 (AB 48.67 ng/g, 28.43%; RB 160.23 ng/g, 20.05%; ED 234.12 ng/g, 23.63%) and PBE-203 (AB 51.23 ng/g, 29.93%; RB 130.34 ng/g, 16.31%; ED 93.41 ng/g, 9.43%) exhibited the highest concentrations when compared to the other congeners. Furthermore, high levels of deca-BDE (BDE-209) were observed in AB (48.67 ng/g, 28.43%) and RB sites (160.23 ng/g, 20.05%), which was in accordance with the large amount of these materials in electronics products in China.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank all the team members who were involved in this project. Financial support was provided by the national environmental protection agency [China, HBGY200709022].

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Correspondence to H.-M. Wang.

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Wang, HM., Yu, YJ., Han, M. et al. Estimated PBDE and PBB Congeners in Soil from an Electronics Waste Disposal Site. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 789 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9858-6

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Keywords

  • Electronic waste (e-waste)
  • Different disposal sites
  • Polybrominated biphenyls ether (PBDEs)
  • Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs)