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Effects of an Atrazine, Metolachlor and Fipronil Mixture on Hyalella azteca (Saussure) in a Modified Backwater Wetland


We examined the toxicity mitigation efficiency of a hydrologically modified backwater wetland amended with a pesticide mixture of atrazine, metolachlor, and fipronil, using 96 h survival bioassays with Hyalella azteca. Significant H. azteca 96 h mortality occurred within the first 2 h of amendment at the upstream amendment site but not at any time at the downstream site. H. azteca survival varied spatially and temporally in conjunction with measured pesticide mixture concentrations. Hyalella azteca 96 h survival pesticide mixture effects concentrations ranges were 10.214–11.997, 5.822–6.658, 0.650–0.817, and 0.030–0.048 μg L−1 for atrazine, metolachlor, fipronil, and fipronil-sulfone, respectively.

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Correspondence to Richard E. Lizotte Jr..

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Lizotte, R.E., Knight, S.S., Douglas Shields, F. et al. Effects of an Atrazine, Metolachlor and Fipronil Mixture on Hyalella azteca (Saussure) in a Modified Backwater Wetland. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 836 (2009).

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  • Floodplain wetland
  • Pesticide mixture