Skip to main content

Effect of Organic Amendments on Degradation of Atrazine

Abstract

Pesticide contamination of soil and ground water at or near the agricultural fields is a major problem world wide. The ability of several amendments like rice straw, manure, saw dust and charcoal were used to stimulate the degradation of atrazine in soil. Field soil fortified with pesticide at two concentration levels were amended separately with rice straw, farm yard manure, saw dust and charcoal at rates of 2.5% (w/w) and maintained at field capacity moisture regime and kept at ambient temperature 25 ± 5°C. The results indicate 89.5% degradation of atrazine in farm yard manure during 60-day period followed by rice straw, saw dust charcoal and recording 87.2% and 83.8%, 67.7%, respectively, as compared to unamended treatment where 63.3% degradation was observed. The FYM was found to be most effective in soil and enhances the degradation as compared to the other amendments. Although addition of organic manures has been an integral part of sustainable agriculture practices; the present findings give a new dimension of it’s utilization for removal of persistent pesticides.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Ballantine LG, McFarland JE, Hackett DS (1998) Triazine herbicides: risk assessment. American Chemical Society, Washington DC

    Book  Google Scholar 

  2. Eriksen J, Sørensen P, Elsgaard L (2008) The fate of sulfate in acidified pig slurry during storage and following application to cropped soil. J Environ Qual 37:280–286

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Kadian N, Gupta A, Satya S, Mehta RK, Malik A (2008) Biodegradation of herbicide (atrazine) in contaminated soil using various bioprocessed materials. Bioresour Technol 99:4642–4647

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Lima D, Viana P, André S, Chelinho S, Costa C, Ribeiro R, Sousa JP, Fialho AM, Viegas CA (2009) Evaluating a bioremediation tool for atrazine contaminated soils in open soil microcosms: the effectiveness of bioaugmentation and biostimulation approaches. Chemosphere 74:187–192

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Lin CH, Lerch RN, Garrett HE, Goerge MF (2008) Bioremediation of atrazine contaminated soil by forage grasses: transformation, uptake and detoxification. J Environ Qual 47:196–206

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Mooram TB, Cowan JK, Arthur EL, Coats JR (2001) Organic amendments to enhance herbicide biodegradation in contaminated soils. Biol Fert Soils 33:541–545

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Moormam T, Cowan J, Arthur E, Coats J (2000) Organic amendments to enhance herbicide biodegradation in contaminated soils. http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications.htm

  8. Pullicino DS, Gigliotti G, Vella AJ (2004) Environmental fate of triasulfuron in soils amended with municipal waste compost. J Environ Quality 33:1743–1751

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Pussemeir I, Goux L, Vanderheyden S, Debonginie V, Tresinie I, Foucart G (2003) Rapid dissipation of atrazine in soils taken from various maize fields. Weed Res 37:171–179

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Solomon KR, Baker DB, Richards RP, Dixon KR, Kaline SJ, LaPoint TW, Kendall RJ, Weisskopf CP, Giddings JM, Giesey JP, Hall LW Jr, Williams WM (1996) Ecological risk assessment of atrazine in North American surface waters. Environ Toxicol Chem 15:31–76

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Dr. Prem Dureja, Head, Division of Agricultural Chemicals, IARI, for providing the facilities and encouragement for the research work. Contribution No. 986 of the Division.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Irani Mukherjee.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mukherjee, I. Effect of Organic Amendments on Degradation of Atrazine. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 832–835 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9849-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Atrazine
  • Amendment
  • Biostimulation
  • Organic bioresource