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Survey of Aflatoxin M1 in Cow, Goat, Buffalo and Camel Milks in Ismailia-Egypt


Milk from buffalo, cow, goat and camel species was collected in Ismailia in Egypt. Aflatoxin (AFM1) levels were lower than previous surveys, and were influenced by feeding practices. Cows and buffaloes are fed prepared rations and had highest incidence of AFM1. Camels forage freely on available pasture and had lowest AFM1 in their milk. Goats are fed a combination of prepared ration as a supplement to pasture grazing. Most milks (80%, 74%, 66% and 52% of the camel, goat, cow and buffalo milks, respectively) were below the European Union maximum of AFM1 <50 ng/L and all milk samples were <500 ng/L.

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Correspondence to Mahmoud M. Motawee.

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Motawee, M.M., Bauer, J. & McMahon, D.J. Survey of Aflatoxin M1 in Cow, Goat, Buffalo and Camel Milks in Ismailia-Egypt. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 766–769 (2009).

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  • Aflatoxin
  • Milk
  • Egypt