Skip to main content

Levels of Organochlorine Compounds in the Mediterranean Blue Mussel from the Adriatic Sea

Abstract

The distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) was investigated in Mediterranean blue mussel collected at four locations in Mali Ston Bay few times a year in 2005–2007. OCPs were found in all samples and levels ranged between 0.07 and 7.58 ng g−1 dry wt. Levels of PCBs ranged between 0 (below detection limit) and 21.55 ng g−1 dry wt. For most analyzed compounds there were no significant level changes between the 3 years. Exceptions are decreased levels of β-HCH, DDD, and PCB-138 and increased levels of γ-HCH and DDT in 2007. However, mussels from this area are applicable for human diet.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Bernhard M (1976) Manual of methods in aquatic environmental research. Part 3. Sampling and analyses of biological material. FAO Tech Rep 158:1–124

    Google Scholar 

  2. European Parliament, Council (2005) Regulation (EC) NO 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 February 2005 on maximum residue levels of pesticides in or on food and feed of plant and animal origin and amending Council Directive 91/414/EEC. In: Official journal of the European Union L 70/1 (Online), Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2005:070:SOM:EN:HTML. Accessed 01 July 2009

  3. Loganathan BG, Kumar KS, Masunaga S, Sajwan KS (2008) Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in sediment and mussel samples from Kentucky Lake, USA. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 54:20–30

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Milun V, Barić A, Zvonarić T (2004) Temporal and spatial distribution of chlorinated hydrocarbons in mussels from the Kaštela Bay (Adriatic Sea). Fresenius Environ Bull 13:1237–1243

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Ministry of Education, Health and Social Care of the Republic of Croatia (MEHSCRC) (2008) Legislation on maximum permitted levels of certain contaminants in food (Original in Croatian). In: Narodne novine (Online), Issue 154. Available at: http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/. Accessed 01 July 2009

  6. Perugini M, Cavaliere M, Giammarino A, Mazzone P, Olivieri V, Amorena M (2004) Levels of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in some edible marine organisms from the Central Adriatic Sea. Chemosphere 57:391–400

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Ramu K, Kajiwara N, Isobe T, Takahashi S, Kim E-Y, Min B-Y, We S-U, Tanabe S (2007) Spatial distribution and accumulation of brominated flame retardants, polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) from coastal waters of Korea. Environ Pollut 148:562–569

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Villeneuve J-P, Carvalho FP, Fowler SW, Cattini C (1999) Levels and trends of PCBs, chlorinated pesticides and petroleum hydrocarbons in mussels from the NW Mediterranean coast: comparison of concentrations in 1973–1974 and 1988–1989. Sci Total Environ 238(SI):57–65

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Voldner EC, Li YL (1995) Global usage of selected persistent organochlorines. Sci Total Environ 160(161):201–210

    Google Scholar 

  10. WHO/UNEP (1972) Environmental health criteria 2-polychlorinated biphenyls and terphenyls. WHO, Geneva

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank Mrs Mirjana Kralj for excellent technical assistance during experimental work and Mr Dado Čakalo for language revision. This work was supported by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports, Croatia.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Darija Kožul.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kožul, D., Herceg Romanić, S., Kljaković-Gašpić, Z. et al. Levels of Organochlorine Compounds in the Mediterranean Blue Mussel from the Adriatic Sea. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 880 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9833-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • PCBs
  • Organochlorine pesticides
  • Mediterranean
  • Marine pollution