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Distribution of Dissolved Trace Metals Around the Sacrificos Coral Reef Island, in the Southwestern Gulf of Mexico

Abstract

A reef system in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico is affected by anthropogenic activities, sourced by urban, fluvial, and sewage waters. Dissolved metals have higher concentrations during the rainy season. V and Pb, were derived from an industrial source and transported to the study area by rain water. On the other hand, Jamapa River is the main source for Cu and Ni, which carries dissolved elements from adjacent volcanic rocks. Principal Component Analysis shows a common source for dissolved nitrogen, phosphates, TOC, and suspended matters probably derived from a sewage treatment plant, which is situated near to the study area.

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Acknowledgments

Thanks to: (1) Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (ICMyL), DGAPA (Project PAPIIT IN104705-2), (2) Secretaria de Marina, Armada de Mexico, for their valuable support in sample collection, (3) Acuario de Veracruz for their permission to use the facilities, (4) S. Santiago-Perez, E. Morales De La Garza and S. Castillo-Sandoval for their technical support in collection and analysis of the samples, and (5) O. Salmeron for processing superficial satellite (AVHRR from NOOA) temperature data.

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Correspondence to A. Carranza-Edwards.

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Rosales-Hoz, L., Carranza-Edwards, A., Sanvicente-Añorve, L. et al. Distribution of Dissolved Trace Metals Around the Sacrificos Coral Reef Island, in the Southwestern Gulf of Mexico. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 713 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9813-6

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Keywords

  • Trace elements
  • Contaminant sources
  • Urban
  • Fluvial