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Aflatoxin M1 Levels in Surk Samples, a Traditional Turkish Cheese from Southern Turkey


In this study, aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) contamination was investigated in Surk cheese, a traditional Turkish cheese consumed particularly in southern Turkey. For this purpose, 120 Surk cheese samples were collected from different retail markets and analysed by enzyme-linked immunoassay. The level of AFM1 varied from 16 to 1,043 ng/kg in 72 of the Surk samples (60%), 16 of which (13.3% of 120 samples) contained AFM1 amounts exceeding the maximum tolerance limit (250 ng/kg) established in Turkey. The results indicated that the occurrence of AFM1 in Surk cheese samples may be considered as a possible risk for consumer health.

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Correspondence to Osman Aygun.

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Aygun, O., Essiz, D., Durmaz, H. et al. Aflatoxin M1 Levels in Surk Samples, a Traditional Turkish Cheese from Southern Turkey. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 164–167 (2009).

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  • Aflatoxin M1
  • Surk
  • Cheese