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Butyl and Phenyl Tin Compounds in Fish and Shellfish on the Korean Market

Abstract

The degree of organotin contamination was determined in samples of ten species of fish and shellfish that were representative of the Korean fish market. Shellfish and fish samples were collected in the fish markets of eight big cities in Korea (Gangneung, Ulsan, Pusan, Daegu, Guangju, Daejun, Incheon and Seoul). The edible portion of total 160 samples were analyzed for organotin compounds such as monobutltin (MBT), dibutyltin (DBT), tributyltin (TBT), monophenyltin (MPT), diphenyltin (DPT) and TPT (triphenyltin) by GC-MSD SIM mode after propylation and Florisil clean-up. Generally organotin levels of fish were higher than shellfish. The highest concentration of TBT was found in mackerel (average 67.02 ng/g-wet wt.) among fish and shellfish. TBT usually accounted higher percentage than that of MBT and DBT in most samples. However, the average concentration order of PTs in the tested samples was MPT > TPT > DPT except saury.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by Korea Food & Drug Administration, Korea. The author thanks H. K. Choi and H. Song for supporting sampling and sample preparation for the analysis.

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Correspondence to Chang-Hwan Oh.

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Oh, CH. Butyl and Phenyl Tin Compounds in Fish and Shellfish on the Korean Market. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 239–243 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9752-2

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Keywords

  • Butyltin
  • Phenyltin
  • Fish
  • Shellfish
  • Mackerel
  • Korean market
  • GC-MSD