Skip to main content

Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and n-Alkanes in Surface Sediments from Shinano River, Japan

Abstract

The distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and n-alkanes was investigated in the surface sediment from the Shinano River in Niigata, Japan. The total concentrations of the PAHs and n-alkanes ranged from 102 to 10,450 ng/g dry weight and from 160 to 3,530 ng/g dry, respectively. Perylene (Per) in the sediment samples originated from both the same anthropogenic sources as benzo[a]pyrene and the natural sources; the anthropogenically derived Per was estimated at 0.4%–27% of the Per in the sediment. The carbon preference index values ranged from 0.77 to 2.48, suggesting the differences in the n-alkane sources at the investigated sites. The investigated sites were divided into three clusters by the cluster analysis.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Bi X, Sheng G, Liu X, Li C, Fu J (2005) Molecular and carbon and hydrogen isotopic composition of n-alkanes in plant leaf waxes. Org Geochem 36:1405–1417. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2005.06.001

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Cranwell PA, Koul VK (1989) Sedimentary record of polycyclic aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in the Windemere catchment. Water Res 23:275–283. doi:10.1016/0043-1354(89)90092-4

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Kawata K, Tanabe A, Mitobe H, Sakai M, Yasuhara A (1997) Distribution of perylene and five-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediment and airborne particulate matter. Toxicol Environ Chem 63:97–106. doi:10.1080/02772249709358520

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Kawata K, Tanabe A, Asada T, Oikawa K (2005) Distribution of semivolatile cyclic compounds in sediment from Niigata, Japan. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 75:546–553. doi:10.1007/s00128-005-0786-9

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Tareq SM, Tanoue E, Tsuji H, Tanaka N, Ohta K (2005) Hydrocarbon and elemental carbon signatures in a tropical wetland: biogeochemical evidence of forest fire and vegetation changes. Chemosphere 59:1655–1665. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.02.019

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Vrana B, Paschke A, Popp P (2001) Polyaromatic hydrocarbon concentrations and patterns in sediments and surface water of the Mansfeld region, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. J Environ Monit 3:602–609. doi:10.1039/b104707h

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Ye B, Zhang Z, Mao T (2007) Petroleum hydrocarbon in surficial sediment from rivers and canals in Tianjin, China. Chemosphere 68:140–149. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.12.074

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Zdanaviciute O, Dakhnova MV, Zheglova TP (2007) Geochemistry of oil and source rocks and petroleum potential of the western part of Baltic Syneclise. Abstract 15th Meet Assoc European Geolog Soc 82–83

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kuniaki Kawata.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hori, T., Shiota, N., Asada, T. et al. Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and n-Alkanes in Surface Sediments from Shinano River, Japan. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 455–461 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9743-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • PAH
  • n-Alkane
  • Sediment
  • Distribution