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Study on the Relationship Between Meteorological Conditions and Acid Rain in Mid-Eastern Fujian


Based on the acid rain observation data and the contemporaneous historical synoptic charts of Mid-Eastern Fujian during the period of 1991 to 2003, we analyzed the distribution characteristics of acid rain in different seasons, weather types, precipitation grades and wind directions. The results showed that the acid pollution in Mid-Eastern Fujian was still serious. In winter, the precipitation pH value was 4.79, and the acid rain frequency was 60.62% which was twice higher than that in summer. The pH value of warm shear-type precipitation at 850 hPa was 4.79. Nearly half of these precipitations had the problems of acid rain pollution. The acid rain frequency of the inverted trough type was only 26.11% which was the lowest one in all types. There was no marked difference of the acid rain distribution characteristics between ahead-of-trough and behind-the-trough. The precipitation pH values of the five grades were lower than 5.30 and the acid rain frequency changed as an inverted U shape with the increasing of the rainfall. The pH values of precipitations in the eight wind directions were generally below 5.20, and the acid rain frequencies were about 40%.

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Correspondence to C. C. Lin.

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Lin, C.C., Liu, J.X., Cai, Y.Y. et al. Study on the Relationship Between Meteorological Conditions and Acid Rain in Mid-Eastern Fujian. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83, 180–187 (2009).

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  • Mid-Eastern Fujian
  • Acid rain
  • Weather type