Evaluation of a Methodology for Toxicity Testing of Volatile Chlorinated Hydrocarbons on Marine Organisms

  • James Hunt
  • Gavin Birch
  • Michael St. J. Warne
  • Rick Krassoi


This study evaluated the suitability of sealed containers for toxicity testing to prevent loss of volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons (VCHs) with a range of Australian marine organisms including: micro-algae; sea urchin and oyster larvae in 44 mL sealed vials and fish larvae; amphipods; and juvenile polychaetes in 1 L sealed jars. Vials prevented volatilisation of VCHs during testing. Jars were less effective, with average losses of 46%. Growth and development of algae, sea urchins and oysters in vials was acceptable, indicating suitability of the methodology. Jars were suitable for amphipods and polychaetes; however, further evaluation of the fish test is required.


Volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons Toxicity testing Sealed containers 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Hunt
    • 1
  • Gavin Birch
    • 1
  • Michael St. J. Warne
    • 2
  • Rick Krassoi
    • 3
  1. 1.Environmental Geology Group, School of GeosciencesUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental Contaminants ResearchCSIROAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.Ecotox Services Australasia Pty LtdLane CoveAustralia

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