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Mississippi Oxbow Lake Sediment Quality During an Artificial Flood

Abstract

Surface sediment quality was assessed during a 35-day artificial flood in a shallow (<1.5 m) oxbow lake along the Coldwater River, Mississippi, using Hyalella azteca 28-day bioassays. Seventeen pesticides were monitored in sediments before, during and after flooding, with increases in atrazine and metolachlor concentrations coinciding with two unexpected storm events, 51 and 56 mm, during and after flooding, respectively. Mean 28-day H. azteca survival was >85% throughout this study. However, growth was affected at three sites during flooding with limited growth recovery after flooding. Patterns in observed growth impairment were associated with changes in atrazine (R 2 = 0.524) and fipronil sulfone (R 2 = 0.584) concentrations.

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Acknowledgments

Appreciation is extended to C. Bryant, L. Brooks, and D. McChesney for sample collection and analytical assistance as well as Peter C. Smiley, Fred Rhoton and Luther A. Knight, Jr. for reviewing an earlier version of the manuscript. Mention of equipment, software or a pesticide does not constitute an endorsement for use by the US Department of Agriculture nor does it imply pesticide registration under FIFRA as amended. All programs and services of the USDA are offered on a nondiscriminatory basis without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, sex, marital status, or handicap.

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Correspondence to S. S. Knight.

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Knight, S.S., Lizotte, R.E., Moore, M.T. et al. Mississippi Oxbow Lake Sediment Quality During an Artificial Flood. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 82, 496–500 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9653-4

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Keywords

  • Flood
  • Lake
  • Sediment quality