Skip to main content

Vertical Fluxes and Accumulation of Organochlorine Pesticides in Sediments of Haihe River, Tianjin, China

Abstract

Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) concentrations in sediments and sediment trap fluxes of particulate organic carbon and OCPs were measured from October 2006 to May 2008 in the urban reach of Haihe River, Tianjin, China, in order to investigate vertical fluxes and accumulation of OCPs in sediments. The concentrations of OCPs in sediments (dry weight basis) were in the range of 2.08–10.07 ng/g (mean 4.70 ng/g) for HCHs (α-, β-, γ-, δ-HCH), 5.82–43.39 ng/g (mean 17.43 ng/g) for DDTs (p,p′-DDE, p,p′-DDD, o,p′-DDT, p,p′-DDT). Compared with data reported in Haihe River 2003, the levels of OCPs showed a significant decrease between 2003 and 2008. This is mainly attributed to significant decrease of production and usage of HCHs and DDTs and biodegradation of HCHs and DDTs in sediment. Concentrations of HCHs and DDTs in sediments were well correlated with sediment organic carbon contents. Concentrations of OCPs in settling particles (dry weight basis) ranged from 21.2 to 138.4 ng/g (mean 52.6 ng/g) for HCHs, 30.0–245.7 ng/g (mean 87.1 ng/g) for DDTs, which were 2.2–48.2-fold higher than those associated with sediments. β-HCH was the dominant HCH isomer in both sediments and settling particles. Among DDTs, p,p′-DDE was found to be dominant in sediments, while p,p′-DDT was the predominant form in settling particles. This suggests that further biodegradation of OCPs occurred during the course of sedimentation and burial. The annual sediment trap flux of OCPs in Haihe River in the urban area of Tianjin was 177–211 μg/m2 yr for HCHs and 213–341 μg/m2 yr for DDTs, respectively.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. Blomqvist S, Håkanson L (1981) A review on sediment traps in aquatic environments. Arch Hydrobiol 91:101–132

    Google Scholar 

  2. Chi J, Wang QY, Huang JJ, Huang GL (2008) Sedimentation and seasonal variation of hexachlorocyclohexanes in sediments in a eutrophic lake, China. J Environ Sci Health Part B 43:611–616. doi:10.1080/03601230802234724

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Chiu TC, Yen JH, Liu TL, Wang YS (2004) Anaerobic degradation of the organochlorine pesticides DDT and heptachlor in river sediment of Taiwan. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 72:821–828. doi:10.1007/s00128-004-0318-z

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Doong RA, Peng CK, Sun YC, Liao PL (2002) Composition and distribution of organochlorine pesticide residues in surface sediments from the Wu-Shi River estuary. Taiwan Mar Pollut Bull 45:246–253. doi:10.1016/S0025-326X(02)00102-9

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Hites RK, Day HR (1992) Unusual persistent of DDT in some western USA soils. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 48:259–264

    Google Scholar 

  6. Hong H, Chen W, Xu L, Wang X, Zhang L (1999) Distribution and fate of organochlorine pollutants in the Pearl River Estuary. Mar Pollut Bull 39:376–382. doi:10.1016/S0025-326X(99)00081-8

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Huang Y, Zhao X, Luan SJ (2007) Uptake and biodegradation of DDT by 4 ectomycorrhizal fungi. Sci Total Environ 385:235–241. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.04.023

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Iwata H, Tanabe S, Ueda K, Tatsukawa R (1995) Persistent organochlorine residues in air, water, sediments, and soils from the lake Baikal region, Russia. Environ Sci Technol 29:792–801. doi:10.1021/es00003a030

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Kalantzi QI, Alcock RE, Joneston PA, Santillo D, Stringer RL, Thomas GO, Jones KC (2001) The global distribution of PCBs and organochlorine pesticides in butter. Environ Sci Technol 35:1013–1018. doi:10.1021/es0002464

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Karickhoff SW (1981) Semi-empirical estimation of sorption of hydrophobic pollutants on natural sediments and soils. Chemosphere 10:833–846. doi:10.1016/0045-6535(81)90083-7

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Ramesh A, Tanabe S, Murase H, Subramanian AN, Tatsukawa R (1991) Distribution and behavior of persistent organochlorine insecticides in paddy soil and sediments in the tropical environment: a case study in South India. Environ Pollut 74:293–307. doi:10.1016/0269-7491(91)90077-A

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Skei J, Larsson P, Rosenberg R, Jonsson P, Olsson M, Broman D (2000) Eutrophication and contaminants in aquatic ecosystems. AMBIO 29:184–194. doi:10.1639/0044-7447(2000)029[0184:EACIAE]2.0.CO;2

    Google Scholar 

  13. Strandberg B, Bavel BV, Bergqvist PA, Broman D, Ishaq R, Naf C, Pettersen H, Rappe C (1998) Occurrence, sedimentation, and spatial variations of organochlorine contaminants in settling particulate matter and sediments in the northern part of the Baltic Sea. Environ Sci Technol 32:1754–1759. doi:10.1021/es970789m

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Tang ZW, Yang ZF, Shen ZY, Niu JF, Cai YP (2008) Residues of organochlorine pesticides in water and suspended particulate matter from the Yangtze River catchment of Wuhan, China. Environ Monit Assess 137:427–439. doi:10.1007/s10661-007-9778-z

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Wang XF, Li XH, Cheng HX, Xu XB, Zhuang GM, Zhao CD (2008) Organochlorine pesticides in particulate matter of Beijing, China. J Hazard Mater 155:350–357. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.11.116

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Willett KL, Ulrich EM, Hites SA (1998) Differential toxicity and environmental fates of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers. Environ Sci Technol 32:2197–2207. doi:10.1021/es9708530

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Wu W, Xu Y, Schramm KW, Kettrup A (1997) Study of sorption, biodegradation and isomerization of HCH in simulated sediments/water system. Chemosphere 35:1887–1894. doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(97)00266-X

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Yang NQ, Matsuda M, Kawano M, Wakimoto T (2006) PCBs and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in edible fish and shellfish from China. Chemosphere 63:1342–1352. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.09.029

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Yang RQ, Lv AH, Shi JB, Jiang GB (2005) The levels and distribution of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in sediments from the Haihe River, China. Chemosphere 61:347–354. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.02.091

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Zhou JL, Rowland SJ (1997) Evaluation of the interactions between hydrophobic organic pollutants and suspended particles in estuarine waters. Water Res 31:1708–1718. doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(96)00323-5

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (Contract/grant number: 20677042 and 20777052).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jie Chi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Chi, J. Vertical Fluxes and Accumulation of Organochlorine Pesticides in Sediments of Haihe River, Tianjin, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 82, 510–515 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-008-9630-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Vertical fluxes
  • Sediments
  • HCHs
  • DDTs
  • Haihe river