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Impact of Sugar Factory Effluent on the Growth and Biochemical Characteristics of Terrestrial and Aquatic Plants

Abstract

The physico-chemical characteristics of sugar industry effluent were measured and some were found to be above those limits permissible in the Indian irrigation water standard. A pot study was initially conducted to study the effects of different concentrations (20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%) of sugar factory effluent on seed germination, seedling growth and biochemical characteristics of green gram and maize. A similar study was also carried out using the aquatic plants, water hyacinth and water lettuce. The higher effluent concentrations (above 60%) were found to affect plant growth, but diluted effluent (up to 60%) favored seedling growth.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Head of the Department of Environmental Sciences, Bharathiar University for providing facilities for the analytical work. Also, this research was financially supported by the Korea Research Foundation, Republic of Korea (Project No. KRF-2005-070-C-00137).

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Correspondence to Sanghoon Lee.

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Ayyasamy, P.M., Yasodha, R., Rajakumar, S. et al. Impact of Sugar Factory Effluent on the Growth and Biochemical Characteristics of Terrestrial and Aquatic Plants. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 81, 449–454 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-008-9523-5

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Keywords

  • Sugar factory effluent
  • Green gram
  • Maize
  • Water hyacinth
  • Water lettuce