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Adsorption Sequence of Toxic Inorganic Anions on a Soil

Abstract

The adsorption of six anions (arsenate(As(V)), chromate(Cr(VI)), fluoride(F(−I)), molybdate(Mo(VI)), selenate(Se(VI)), and selenite(Se(IV))) on an andosol and the concomitant H+ consumptions together with the sorption were investigated to understand the behaviors of toxic inorganic anions in environment. Based on the estimated adsorption maximum by the simple Langmuir equation, the order of adsorption affinity to the andosol at a suspension pH of 5.0 was F(−I) > > phosphate(P(V)) > Se(IV) > Mo(VI) ≥ As(V) > > Se(VI) ≥ Cr(VI) ≥ nitrate(N(V)). The order of the concomitant H+ consumptions together with the adsorption was F(−I) > > P(V) > Se(IV) > Mo(VI) ≥ As(V), while they were not observed in the adsorption of Se(VI), Cr(VI) and N(V).

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Acknowledgments

The author thanks Ms R. Mogami, Kyushu University for helping with the experiments, and Assoc. Prof. T. Kunito, Shinshu University for correcting this paper. This research was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (subject number 19380044).

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Correspondence to Kazutoshi Saeki.

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Saeki, K. Adsorption Sequence of Toxic Inorganic Anions on a Soil. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 81, 508–512 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-008-9505-7

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Keywords

  • Anion adsorption sequence
  • Selenite
  • Chromate
  • Fluoride