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Source Apportionment of PM10 in Mumbai, India Using CMB Model

Abstract

Source apportionment study is carried out to identify the sources of particulate matter of size less than 10 μm in Mumbai using chemical mass balance model. Various locations representing different activity zones as low activities (control), normal activity including commercial and residential areas and traffic sites (kerbside) are selected for this purpose to represent the city. It is observed that at control sites industrial contributions prevail, the other significant contributions are from marine and vehicular activities. At normal activity sites, vehicular, industrial and soil dust contributions are observed to be dominant. At two of the kerbside sites, marine contributions are observed to be significant which was due to the proximity of the sites to sea. The vehicular and soil dust contributions are observed to be significant at remaining kerbside sites. The study is useful for preparing the particulate matter reduction action plan for Mumbai, which can be extended further to other cities of India.

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Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to the colleagues from Air Pollution Control Division of NEERI, Nagpur for their support to generate the data.

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Correspondence to A. B. Chelani.

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Chelani, A.B., Gajghate, D.G. & Devotta, S. Source Apportionment of PM10 in Mumbai, India Using CMB Model. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 81, 190–195 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-008-9453-2

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Keywords

  • Particulate matter
  • Source apportionment
  • Chemical mass balance