Honey, being a natural product manufactured by honey bees is considered to be free from any extraneous material. The over-reliance on pesticides caused several environmental problems including pesticide residues in food. This constitutes a potential risk for human health, because of their sub acute and chronic toxicity. Therefore this study was carried out to know the extent of pesticide residue in honey produced in the various parts of Himachal Pradesh. Among different pesticides analysed in honey; HCH and its isomers were the most frequently detected followed by DDT and its isomers. Of the studied synthetic pyrethroids, only cypermethrin was found in honey samples. Residues of organophosphates viz. acephate, chlorpyriphos, ethion and monocrotophos were not detected, however malathion’s residue was found exceeding the MRL (5 ppb) proposed by the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India. More over honey from natural vegetation contained lesser residues. It can be concluded that honey from Himachal Pradesh had low pesticide residues.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Al-Rifai J, Akkel N (1997) Determination of pesticide residues in imported and locally produced honey in Jordan. J Apic Res 36:155–161
Anju R, Beena K, Gahlawat SK, Sihag RC, Kathpal TS (1997) Multiresidue analysis of market honey samples for pesticidal contamination. Pestic Res J 9:226–230
Anonymous (2002) The Gazette of India, Part II, section 3, subsection (ii). Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, p 8
Blasco C, Fernandez M, Pena A, Lino C, Silveira MI, Font G, Pico Y (2003) Assessment of pesticide residues in honey samples from Portugal and Spain. J Agric Food Chem 51:8132–8138
Campas SA, Rempel MR (1976) Pesticide residues in honey. Cienc J Aqejas 2:11–15
Chawla RP, Goyal NP (1988) Occurrence of DDT and BHC residues in honey collected from apiaries and market in Punjab (India). Ind Bee J 50:96–97
Estep CB, Munon GN, William HE, Cole AC (1977) Chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide residues in Tunnesea honey and bee wax. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 17:168–174
Etto M (1974) Organohosphorus pesticides: organic and biological chemistry. CRC Press Inc, OH, USA, p 387
Fong WG, Moye HA, Seiber JN, Toth JP (1999) Pesticides residues in foods. methods, techniques and regulations. Wiley & Sons, New York
Gayger J, Dustmann JH (1985) Studies on the residues in the bee products wax, honey and pollen. Arch Lebenmittelhyg 36:93–96
Jhansi P, Kalpana TP, Ramanujam CGK (1991) Pollen analysis of rock bee summer honey from Prakasam district of the Andhra Pradesh, India. J Apic Res 30:33–40
Karak T, Sarkar MA, Joy S, Dutta M, Chowdhury A (1999) Analysis of different pesticidal residues in honey collected from Hoogly apiaries. Pestology 23:38–40
Ogota JN, Bevenue A (1973) Chlorinated pesticide residues in honey. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 9:143–147
Porrini C, Ghini S, Girotti S, Sabatini AG, Gattavecchia E, Celli G (2002) Use of honey bees as bioindicators of environmental pollution in Italy. In: Deveillers J, Pham-Delegue MH (eds) Honey bees: the environmental impact of chemicals. Routledge-Taylors & Francis Group, London, pp 186–247
Sarfraz Khan M, Kumari B, Rohilla HR, Kaushik HD, Arora RK (2004) Analysis of insecticide residues in honeys from apiary (Apis mellifera) and wild honey bee (Apis dorsata and Apis florae) colonies in India. J Apic Res 43:79–82
Sharma DC, Kashyap NP (2002) Status of pesticide residues in honey samples. In: Int. symp. prevention of residues in honey held on 10–11 October 2002 at Celle, Germany, pp 145–148
Woodwell GM, Graig PP, Johnson HA (1971) DDT in biosphere; where does it go? Science 174:1101–1107
About this article
Cite this article
Choudhary, A., Sharma, D.C. Pesticide Residues in Honey Samples from Himachal Pradesh (India). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 80, 417–422 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-008-9426-5