Skip to main content

Cadmium Accumulation in the Edible Parts of Different Cultivars of Radish, Raphanus sativus L., and Carrot, Daucus carota var. sativa, Grown in a Cd-contaminated Soil


Cadmium accumulation among 12 cultivars of radish (Raphanus sativus) and 10 cultivars of carrot (Daucus carota var. sativa) was studied in a Cd-contaminated soil. The Cd concentration in the edible parts of radish and carrot ranged from 0.04 to 0.14 and 0.14 to 0.19 mg kg−1 fresh weight, respectively. All the tested carrot cultivars and 33% of the tested radish cultivars exceeded the Chinese allowable limit for Cd. The study showed a greater scope for selecting radish cultivars than for carrot to avoid the excess of the Cd limit when grown on lightly contaminated soils.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3


  1. Alexander PD, Alloway BJ, Dourado AM (2006) Genotypic variations in the accumulation of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn exhibited by six commonly grown vegetables. Environ Pollut 144:736–745

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Brown SL, Chaney RL, Angle JS, Baker AJM (1994) Phytoremediation potential of Thlaspi caerulescens and Bladder campion for zinc- and cadmium-contaminated soil. J Environ Qual 23:1151–1157

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Chaney RL, Angle JS, McLntosh MS, Reeves RD, Li YM, Brewer EP, Chen KY, Roseberg RJ, Perner H, Synkowski EC, Broadhurst CL, Wang S, Baker AJM (2005) Using hyperaccumulator plants to phytoextract soil Ni and Cd. Z Naturforsch C 60:190–198

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Cutler JM, Rains DW (1974) Characterization of cadmium uptake by plant-tissue. Plant Physiol 54:67–71

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Dudka S, Piotrowska M, Chlopecka A (1994) Effect of elevated concentrations of Cd and Zn in soil on spring wheat yield and the metal contents of the plants. Water Air Soil Pollut 76:333–341

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Dunbar KR, McLaughlin MJ, Reid RJ (2003) The uptake and partitioning of cadmium in two cultivars of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). J Exp Bot 54:349–354

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Jansson G, Öborn I (2000) Cadmium content of Swedish carrots and the influence of soil factors. Acta Agric Scand-B Soil Plant Sci 50:49–56

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Liu JG, Zhu QS, Zhang ZJ, Xu JK, Yang JC, Wong MH (2005) Variations in cadmium accumulation among rice cultivars and types and the selection of cultivars for reducing cadmium in the diet. J Sci Food Agric 85:147–153

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. McLaughlin MJ, Williams CMJ, McKay A, Kirkham R, Gunton J, Jackson KJ, Thompson R, Dowling B, Partington D, Smart MK, Tiller KG (1994) Effect of cultivar on uptake of cadmium by potato tubers. Aust J Agric Res 45:1483–1495

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. MHPRC and SAC (2005) Maximum levels of contaminants in foods (GB 2762-2005)

  11. Pandey N, Sharma CP (2002) Effect of heavy metals Co2+, Ni2+ and Cd2+ on growth and metabolism of cabbage. Plant Sci 163:753–758

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Samsoe-Petersen L, Larsen EH, Larsen PB, Bruun P (2002) Uptake of trace elements and PAHs by fruit and vegetables from contaminated soils. Environ Sci Technol 36:3057–3063

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. SEPAC (1997) Soil quality determination of lead and cadmium (GB/T 17141-1997)

  14. Stolt P, Asp H, Hultin S (2006) Genetic variation in wheat cadmium accumulation on soils with different cadmium concentrations. J Agron Crop Sci 192:201–208

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references


The authors are grateful to the financial support from the key project of Ministry of Agriculture, China (Project number: 2003-Z53), and from the vegetable technological project of Beijing Agricultural Bureau. H. F. Li was supported by China Scholarship Council for a study visit to Rothamsted Research. We thank Dr. Fangjie Zhao for his helpful comments and polishing of the English on the manuscript during the study in Rothamsted Research.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hua-Fen Li.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Zheng, RL., Li, HF., Jiang, RF. et al. Cadmium Accumulation in the Edible Parts of Different Cultivars of Radish, Raphanus sativus L., and Carrot, Daucus carota var. sativa, Grown in a Cd-contaminated Soil. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 81, 75–79 (2008).

Download citation


  • Bioconcentration factor
  • Cadmium
  • Carrot
  • Radish