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Organochlorine Pesticides and Polychlorinated Biphenyls Levels in Human Milk from Chelem, Yucatán, México

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Abstract

Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in human milk from Chelem, Yucatan, Mexico were analyzed. Relatively high levels of p,p′-DDE, γ-chlordane, β-hexacyclohexane (β-HCH) and PCB congeners 170, 28, and 44 were found. Concentration profiles by OCP groups followed the next order: ΣDDTs > ΣChlordanes > ΣHCHs > ΣChlorobenzenes > ΣDrins. Total OCPs showed a decreasing tendency with number of births (primipara and multipara and age ranks) but these differences were not significant. ΣDDT levels were lower than in other studies in Mexico, but 36% of the samples exceeded the JMPR-FAO/WHO acceptable daily intake (ADI). About 60.53% of samples exceeded the ADI value for heptachlors.

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Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Luis René Antonio Capurro Filograsso for reviewing an earlier version and Jorge Arturo Dominguez Maldonado for his technical assistance. This project was funded by the University of Yucatan Priori-Uady program (project FMED-05-003).

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Correspondence to Gerardo Gold-Bouchot.

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Rodas-Ortíz, J.P., Ceja-Moreno, V., González-Navarrete, R.L. et al. Organochlorine Pesticides and Polychlorinated Biphenyls Levels in Human Milk from Chelem, Yucatán, México. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 80, 255–259 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-007-9356-7

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Keywords

  • Human milk
  • POPs
  • Organochlorine pesticides
  • PCBs
  • Yucatán México