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Effects of Pentachlorophenol on Galba pervia, Tubifex sinicus and Chironomus plumousus Larvae

Abstract

The 24-h median lethal concentrations of pentachlorophenol to Chironomus plumousus, Tubifex sinicus and Galba pervia were 0.302, 0.977 and 0.293 mg/L, respectively. Bioconcentration factors of C. plumousus, T. sinicus and G. pervia to pentachlorophenol were 108, 367 and 85 at 0.02 mg/L pentachlorophenol, respectively. As pentachlorophenol concentration increased, the G. pervia egg hatching rates became lower, and the total hatched time became longer. Pentachlorophenol teratogenesis was demonstrated by observing the deformation of C. plumousus larvae mentum.

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Acknowledgments

This research was supported by Foundation of Shandong Province Social Science Programming (Grant No. 03CJZ03) and Shandong Province University Test Technology Research Programming (Grant No. 2005-188).

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Correspondence to Z. H. Song.

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Song, Z.H. Effects of Pentachlorophenol on Galba pervia, Tubifex sinicus and Chironomus plumousus Larvae. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79, 278–282 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-007-9258-8

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Keywords

  • Pentachlorophenol
  • Galba pervia
  • Tubifex sinicus
  • Chironomus plumousus larvae