Skip to main content

Icefish (Salangidae) as an Indicator of Anthropogenic Pollution in Freshwater Systems Using Nitrogen Isotope Analysis

Abstract

We investigated differences in δ15N of seston and icefishes from seven freshwater ecosystems with different trophic states in China. An increase of seston δ15N values was accompanied by an increase of total nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations. Significantly positive correlations were observed between δ15N of icefishes and δ15N of seston, total nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations. This study demonstrated that icefishes could be preferred indicators of anthropogenic contamination in test systems because they integrated waste inputs over long time periods and reflected the movement of waste through the pelagic food chain.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Cabana G, Rasmussen JB (1996) Comparison of aquatic food chains using nitrogen isotopes. Proc Natl Acad Sci 93: 10844–10847

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Cole ML, Valiela I, Kroeger KD, Tomasky GL, Cebrian J, Wigand C, McKinney KA, Grady SP, Silva MHC (2004) Assessment of a δ15N isotopic method to indicate anthropogenic eutrophication in aquatic ecosystems. J Environ Qual 33: 124–132

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Heaton THE (1986) Isotopic studies of nitrogen pollution in the hydrosphere and atmosphere: A review. Chem Geol 59: 87–102

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Lake JL, McKinney RA, Osterman FA, Pruell RJ, Kiddon J, Ryba SA, Libby AD (2001) Stable nitrogen isotopes as indicators of anthropogenic activities in small freshwater systems. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 58: 870–878

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Lindau CW, Delaune RD, Alford DP (1997) Monitoring nitrogen pollution from sugarcane runoff using 15N analysis. Water Air Soil Pollut 89: 389–399

    Google Scholar 

  6. Liu Z (2001) Changes in abundance of the icefish Neosalanx pseudotaihuensis Zhang (Salangidae) and the impacts on the zooplankton community of Xujiahe Reservoir (central China). Hydrobiologia 445: 193–198

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. McKinney RA, Lake JL, Charpentier MA, Ryba S (2002) Using mussel isotope ratios to assess anthropogenic nitrogen inputs to freshwater ecosystems. Environ Monit Assess 74: 167–192

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Pennock JR, Velinski DJ, Ludham DJ, Sharp JH, Fogel MJ (1996) Isotope fractionation of ammonium and nitrate during the uptake by Skeletonema costatum: implications for the δ15N dynamics under bloom conditions. Limnol Oceanogr 41: 451–459

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Post DM (2002) Using stable isotopes to estimate trophic position: models, methods and assumptions. Ecology 83: 703–718

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Schlacher TA, Liddell B, Gaston TF, Schlacher–Hoenlinger M (2005) Fish track wastewater pollution to estuaries. Oecologia 144: 570–584

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Wang Z, Lu C, Hu H, Zhou Y, Xu C, Lei G (2005) Freshwater icefishes (Salangidae) in the Yangtze River basin of China: Spatial distribution patterns and environmental determinants. Environ Biol Fish 73: 253–262

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Xu J, Li S, Xie P (2005a) Differences in δ13C and δ15N of particulate organic matter from the deep oligotrophic Lake Fuxian connected with the shallow eutrophic Lake Xingyun, China. Bull Environ Contam Tox 74: 281–285

    Google Scholar 

  13. Xu J, Xie P, Zhang M, Yang H (2005b) Variation in stable isotope signatures of seston and a zooplanktivorous fish in a eutrophic Chinese lake. Hydrobiologia 541: 215–220

    Google Scholar 

  14. Xu J, Zhang M, Xie P (2007a) Size-related shifts in reliance on benthic and pelagic food webs by lake anchovy. Ecoscience 14 (2): 170–177

    Google Scholar 

  15. Xu J, Zhang M, Xie P (2007b) Stable carbon isotope variations in surface bloom scum and subsurface seston among shallow eutrophic lakes. Harmful Algae doi: 10.1016/j.hal.2007.02.002

Download references

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by key projects of the Chinese Academy of Science (grant no. KSCX1–SW–13), a grant from the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China (grant no. 2006BAD03B00) and the Technological Innovation Fund of Huazhong Agricultural University (grant no. 52204-05058).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ping Xie.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Xu, J., Xie, P., Zhang, M. et al. Icefish (Salangidae) as an Indicator of Anthropogenic Pollution in Freshwater Systems Using Nitrogen Isotope Analysis. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79, 323–326 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-007-9198-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Icefish
  • δ15N
  • Freshwater ecosystems
  • Anthropogenic contamination