Skip to main content

Toxicity Evaluation of Diazinon Contaminated Leaf Litter

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. American Public Health Association (APHA) (1998) Standard Methods for the Examintaion of Water and Wastewater. 20th ed. Washington, DC

  2. Banks KE, Wood SH, Matthews C, Thuesen KA (2003) Joint acute toxicity of diazinon and copper to Ceriodaphnia dubia. Environ Toxicol Chem 22:1562–1567

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Bennett ER, Moore MT, Cooper CM, Smith S Jr (2000) Method for the simultaneous extraction and analysis of two current use pesticides, atrazine and lambda-cyhalothrin, in sediment and aquatic plants. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 64:825–833

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Bird GA, Kaushik NK (1992) Invertebrate colonization and processing of maple leaf litter in a forested and an agricultural reach of a stream. Hydrobiologia 234:65–71

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Burkepile DE, Moore MT, Holland MM (2000) Susceptibility of five nontarget organisms to aqueous diazinon exposure. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 64:114–121

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Collyard SA, Ankley GT, Hoke RA, Goldenstein T (1994) Influence of age on the relative sensitivity of Hyalella azteca to diazinon, alkylphenol ethoxylates, copper, cadmium, and zinc. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 26:110–113

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Federle TW, Ventullo RM (1990) Mineralization of surfactants by the microbiota of submerged plant detritus. Appl Environ Microbiol 56:333–339

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Forrow DM, Maltby L (2000) Toward a mechanistic understanding of contaminant-induced changes in detritus processing in streams: direct and indirect effects on detritivore feeding. Environ Toxicol Chem 19:2100–2106

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Harrahy EA, Perry SA, Wimmer MJ, Perry WB (1994) The effects of diflubenzuron (Dimlin®) on selected mayflies (Heptageniidae) and stoneflies (Peltoperlidae and Pteronarcyidae). Environ Toxicol Chem 13:517–522

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Moore MT, Huggett DB, Gillespie WB Jr, Rodgers JH Jr, Cooper CM (1998) Comparative toxicity of chlordane, chlorpyrifos, and aldicarb to four aquatic testing organisms. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 34:152–157

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Moore MT, Rodgers JH Jr, Cooper CM, Smith S Jr (2000) Constructed wetlands for mitigation of atrazine-associated agricultural runoff. Environ Poll 110:393–399

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Moore MT, Bennett ER, Cooper CM, Smith S Jr, Shields FD Jr, Milam CD, Farris JL (2001) Transport and fate of atrazine and lamda-cyhalothrin in an agricultural drainage ditch in the Mississippi delta, USA. Agr Ecosyst Environ 87:309–314

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Moore MT, Schulz R, Cooper CM, Smith S Jr, Rodgers JH Jr (2002) Mitigation of chlorpyrifos runoff using constructed wetlands. Chemosphere 46:827–835

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Odum WE, Drifmeyer JE (1978) Sorption of pollutants by plant detritus: a review. Environ Health Perspec 27:133–137

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Odum WE, Woodwell GM, Wurster CF (1969) DDT residues absorbed from detritus by fiddler crabs. Science 164:576–577

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Pascoal C, Pinho M, Cassio F, Gomes P (2003) Assessing structural and functional ecosystem condition using leaf breakdown: studies on a polluted river. Fresh. Biol. 48:2033–2044

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Pierce RH Jr, Brent CR, Williams HP, Reeves SG (1977) Pentachlorophenol distribution in a fresh water ecosystem. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 18:251–258

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Scheiring JF (1993) Effects of surface-mine drainage of leaf litter insect communities and detritus processing in headwater streams. J Kansas Entomol Soc 66:31–40

    Google Scholar 

  19. Schulz R, Moore MT, Bennett ER, Farris JL, Smith S Jr, Cooper CM (2003) Methyl parathion toxicity in vegetated and nonvegetated wetland mesocosms. Environ Toxicol Chem 22:1262–1268

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), Inc. (1997) SigmaStat for Windows version 2.03

  21. Stuijfzand SC, Poort L, Greve GD, van der Geest HG, Kraak MHS (2000) Variables determining the impact of diazinon on aquatic insects: taxon, developmental stage and exposure time. Environ Toxicol Chem 19:582–587

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Swift MC, Smucker RA, Cummins KW (1988) Effects of Dimlin® on freshwater litter decomposition. Environ Toxicol Chem 7:161–166

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. USEPA (1994) Methods for measuring the toxicity and bioaccumulation of sediment associated contaminants with freshwater invertebrates. EPA 600/R-94/024 Washington, DC

  24. Webster JR, Benfield EF (1986) Vascular plant breakdown in freshwater ecosystems. Ann Rev Ecol Syst 17:567–594

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

Appreciation is extended to L. Arbuckle and R. W. Steinriede for sample collection and bioassay assistance. Mention of equipment, computer programs, or a pesticide does not constitute an endorsement for use by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, nor does it imply pesticide registration under FIFRA as amended. All programs and services of the USDA are offered on a nondiscriminatory basis without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, sex, marital status, or handicap.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. T. Moore.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Moore, M.T., Lizotte, R.E. & Smith, S. Toxicity Evaluation of Diazinon Contaminated Leaf Litter. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 78, 168–171 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-007-9032-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Leaf Litter
  • Diazinon
  • Methyl Parathion
  • Finish Cell
  • Wetland Cell