Skip to main content

The Role of Chloride Salts in Chemically Enhanced Phytoextraction of Heavy Metals From a Contaminated Agricultural Soil

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1


  1. Begonia MT, Begonia GB, Butler AD, Griffin U, Young C (2003) Chemically enhanced phytoextraction of cadmium-contaminated soils using wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 71:648–654

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Begonia MT, Begonia GB, Miller GS, Gilliard D (2004) Effects of chelate application time on the phytoextraction of lead-contaminated soils. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 73:1033–1040

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Blaylock MJ, Salt DE, Dushenkov S, Zakharova O, Gussman C, Kapulnik Y, Ensley BD, Raskin I (1997) Enhanced accumulation of Pb in Indian mustard by soil-applied chelating agents. Environ Sci Technol 31:860–865

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Chen H, Cutright T (2001) EDTA and HEDTA effects on Cd, Cr, and Ni uptake by Helianthus annuus. Chemosphere 45:21–28

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Epstein AL, Gussman CD, Blaylock MJ, Yermiyahu U, Huang JW, Kapulnik Y, Orser CS (1999) EDTA and Pb–EDTA accumulation in Brassica juncea grown in Pb-amended soil. Plant Soil 208:87–94

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Ettler V, Vaněk A, Mihaljevič M, Bezdička P (2005) Contrasting lead speciation in forest and tilled soils heavily polluted by lead metallurgy. Chemosphere 58:1449–1459

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Hovsepyan A, Greipsson S (2005) EDTA-enhanced phytoremediation of lead contaminated soil by corn. J Plant Nutr 28:2037–2048

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Huang JWW, Chen J, Berti WR, Cunningham SD (1997) Phytoremediation of lead-contaminated soils: Role of synthetic chelates in lead phytoextraction. Environ Sci Technol 3:800–805

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Komárek M, Chrastný V, Ettler V, Tlustoš P (2006) Evaluation of extraction/digestion techniques used to determine lead isotopic composition in forest soils. Anal Bioanal Chem 385:1109–1115

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Kos B, Leštan D (2003) Induced phytoextraction/soil washing of lead using biodegradable chelate and permeable barriers. Environ Sci Technol 37:624–629

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Li YM, Chaney RL, Schneiter AA (1994) Effect of soil chloride level on cadmium concentration in sunflower kernels. Plant Soil 167:275–280

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Quevauviller P (1998) Operationally defined extraction procedures for soil and sediment analysis. Trends Anal Chem 17:289–298

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Römkens P, Bouwman L, Japenga J, Draaisma C (2002) Potentials and drawbacks of chelate-enhanced phytoremediation of soils. Environ Pollut 116:109–121

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Sarret G, Vangronsveld J, Manceau A, Musso M, D’Haen J, Menthonnex JJ, Hazemann JL (2001) Accumulation forms of Zn and Pb in Phaseolus vulgaris in the presence and absence of EDTA. Environ Sci Technol 35:2854–2859

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Smolders E, Lammbegts RM, McLaughlin MJ, Tiller KG (1998) Effect of soil solution chloride on cadmium availability to Swiss chard. J Environ Qual 20:426–431

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Száková J, Tlustoš P, Balík J, Pavlíková D, Balíková M (2000) Efficiency of extractants to release As, Cd, and Zn from main soil compartments. Analusis 28:808–812

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Vassil AD, Kapulnik Y, Raskin I, Salt DE (1998) The role of EDTA in lead transport and accumulation by Indian mustard. Plant Physiol 117:447–453

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Vysloužilová M, Tlustoš P, Száková J (2003) Cadmium and zinc phytoextraction potential of seven clones of Salix spp. planted on heavy metal contaminated soils. Plant Soil Environ 49:542–547

    Google Scholar 

  19. Xiong ZT, Feng T (2001) Enhanced accumulation of lead in Brassica pekinensis by soil-applied chloride salts. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 67:67–74

    CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references


The presented study was supported by the research projects MSM 6046070901 (Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic) and GAČR 521/06/0496 (Czech Science Foundation).

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. Komárek.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Komárek, M., Tlustoš, P., Száková, J. et al. The Role of Chloride Salts in Chemically Enhanced Phytoextraction of Heavy Metals From a Contaminated Agricultural Soil. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 78, 176–180 (2007).

Download citation


  • Heavy Metal
  • Poplar
  • NH4Cl
  • Heavy Metal Content
  • Chloride Salt