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Acute Toxicity of Copper, Zinc, Iron, and Manganese and of the Mixtures Copper–Zinc and Iron–Manganese to Whiteleg Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei Postlarvae

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Received: 5 September 2002/Accepted: 16 March 2003

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Frías-Espericueta, M., Voltolina, D. & Osuna-López, J. Acute Toxicity of Copper, Zinc, Iron, and Manganese and of the Mixtures Copper–Zinc and Iron–Manganese to Whiteleg Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei Postlarvae. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 71, 0068–0074 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-003-0132-z

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Keywords

  • Iron
  • Copper
  • Zinc
  • Toxicity
  • Manganese