Educational inequalities in mental disorders in the Czech Republic: data from CZEch Mental health Study (CZEMS)

Abstract

Purpose

We aimed to study the association of educational attainment with occurrence of mental disorders in the Czech Republic.

Methods

Data were derived from the CZEch Mental health Study (CZEMS), a cross-sectional study of community-dwelling individuals. Mental disorders were assessed with Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.), and information on completed education was acquired as a part of a paper and pencil interview. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association of educational attainment with all mental disorders as well as with specific groups (affective, anxiety, alcohol use and substance use disorders), stepwise adjusting for socio-demographic, social and health-related characteristics.

Results

We studied 3175 individuals (average age 50 years, range 18–96 years; 54% women). Compared to individuals with higher education, those educated below high school graduation had higher odds of mental disorders (OR 2.07; 95% CI 1.58–1.71), even after adjustment for all covariates (OR 1.64; 95% CI 1.21–2.23). Education showed the strongest association with alcohol use disorders, even when covariates were adjusted for, but was not related to anxiety disorders. The association of education with affective as well as substance use disorders was explained by covariates.

Conclusions

Interventions aimed at reducing the burden of mental disorders should target individuals with low education. Strategies to improve population mental health need to go hand in hand with policies to enhance education as well as reduce alcohol consumption in the Czech Republic.

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Data availability

Data will be available to researchers upon request.

Code availability

Not applicable.

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Funding

The authors were supported by the project “Sustainability for the National Institute of Mental Health” (Grant LO1611), with financial support from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic. Pavla Cermakova, Anna Kagstrom and Matej Kucera are supported by the project PRIMUS conducted at the Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University (PRIMUS/19/MED/08). In addition, Pavla Cermakova is supported by the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic (Grant NU20J-04-00022).

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Conception of the study: PC. Writing the first draft: PC, MK, AK. Statistical analysis: MK, MK. Revisions of the draft: PW, KM, PC.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Pavla Cermakova.

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The author(s) declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics approval

This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the National Institute of Mental Health, Czech Republic (registration number 97/18).

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All participants were provided an informed consent.

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Kuklová, M., Kagstrom, A., Kučera, M. et al. Educational inequalities in mental disorders in the Czech Republic: data from CZEch Mental health Study (CZEMS). Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-020-01930-9

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Keywords

  • Education
  • Mental disorder
  • Population
  • Inequality