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Correction to: Potentially traumatic events have negative and positive effects on loneliness, depending on PTSD-symptom levels: evidence from a population-based prospective comparative study

  • Peter G. van der Velden
  • Bas Pijnappel
  • Erik van der Meulen
Correction

Correction to: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-017-1476-8

In the original article, Tables 2 and 3 have been published with incorrect alignment. The correct tables are given below. The original article was corrected.

Table 2

Prediction of loneliness among total study sample (N = 1798)

  

Low versus medium loneliness

2013 (T3)1

2014 (T4)2

N Total

n

%medium

AOR

95 CI

n

%medium

AOR

95 CI

Pre-event loneliness (2011)

 Low (Ref.)

700

642

22.3

1

 

602

28.6

1

 

 Medium

550

441

56.9

4.57

3.50–5.98***

412

52.7

2.72

2.09–3.55***

 High

548

197

64.0

5.92

4.16–8.43***

189

75.1

4.31

3.02–6.15***

Pre-event mental health problems (2011)

 Low (Ref.)

588

490

32.4

1

 

471

36.3

1

 

 Medium

616

451

44.6

1.62

1.21–2.16**

417

44.1

1.32

0.99–1.75+

 High

594

339

47.2

1.59

1.16–2.17**

315

49.8

1.48

1.09–2.01*

PTE groups (2012)

 No PTE (Ref.)

1513

1076

41.6

1

 

1010

43.2

1

 

 PTE very low PTSD-sl

85

68

32.4

0.53

0.31–0.93*

62

32.3

0.56

0.32–0.99*

 PTE low PTSD-sl

69

50

34.0

0.67

0.35–1.27

49

46.9

1.10

0.60–2.01

 PTE medium PTSD-sl

80

56

32.1

0.71

0.39–1.32

56

37.5

0.83

0.47–1.49

 PTE high PTSD-sl

51

30

50.0

1.52

0.70–3.31

26

46.2

1.16

0.52–2.60

  

Low versus high loneliness

2013 (T3)

2014 (T4)

N Total

n

%high

AOR

95 CI

n

%high

AOR

95 CI

Pre-event loneliness (2011)

 Low (Ref.)

700

557

10.4

1

 

528

18.6

1

 

 Medium

550

299

36.5

4.74

3.28–6.83***

333

41.4

2.96

2.16–4.06***

 High

548

422

83.2

35.95

24.51–52.74***

425

84.5

19.63

13.81–27.91***

Pre-event mental health problems (2011)

 Low (Ref.)

588

429

22.8

1

 

417

28.1

1

 

 Medium

616

415

39.8

1.90

1.31–2.72***

432

46.1

1.90

1.37–2.63***

 High

594

434

58.8

2.69

1.88–3.85***

437

63.8

2.63

1.88–3.68***

PTE groups (2012)

 No PTE (Ref.)

1513

1065

41.0

1

 

1077

46.7

1

 

 PTE very low PTSD-sl

85

63

27.0

0.43

0.22–0.85**

65

35.4

0.61

0.33–1.12

 PTE low PTSD-sl

69

52

36.5

0.73

0.36–1.51

46

43.5

0.86

0.43–1.72

 PTE medium PTSD-sl

80

62

38.7

1.04

0.54–2.03

59

40.7

0.87

0.46–1.64

 PTE high PTSD-sl

51

36

58.3

2.15

0.93–4.95+

39

64.1

2.23

1.02–4.88*

PTSD-sl PTSD symptom levels, Ref. reference group, AOR odds ratio adjusted for other predictors in table and age, gender, having a partner and education level at T2a, N total total number of respondents in specific category, n number of respondents in specific category that endorsed low or medium, or low and high scores, %medium percentage of respondents that endorsed medium level scores of the group with low or medium level scores, %high percentage of respondents that endorsed high level scores of the group with low or high level scores

+p < 0.10, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001

12013 low-medium, low-high: − 2 Log likehood = 1618.214, χ(30)2 = 763.166, p < 0.0001, Pseudo R-square Nagelkerke = 0.391

22014 low-medium, low-high: − 2 Log likehood = 1704.440, χ(30)2 = 579.852, p < 0.0001, Pseudo R-square Nagelkerke = 0.311

Table 3

Prediction of loneliness among affected respondents (N = 283)

  

Low versus medium loneliness

2013 (T3)1

2014 (T4)2

N Total

n

%medium

AOR

95% CI

n

%medium

AOR

95% CI

Pre-event loneliness (2011)

 Low (Ref.)

110

99

16.2

1

 

96

27.1

1

 

 Medium

86

67

47.8

5.69

2.58–12.51***

63

49.2

2.80

1.38–5.70**

 High

87

37

64.9

11.56

4.53–29.48***

33

57.6

3.17

1.34–7.50**

Pre-event mental health problems (2011)

 Low (Ref.)

101

85

27.1

1

 

84

35.7

1

 

 Medium

102

75

41.3

2.14

0.99–4.60+

72

40.3

1.26

0.62–2.56

 High

80

43

41.9

1.48

0.60–3.64

36

47.2

1.45

0.61–3.45

PTE groups (2012)

 PTE very low PTSD-sl

84

67

32.4

1

 

61

32.8

1

 

 PTE low PTSD-sl

69

50

34.0

1.15

0.47–2.81

49

46.9

1.89

0.83–4.30

 PTE medium PTSD-sl

79

56

32.1

1.42

0.59–3.41

56

37.5

1.57

0.68–3.59

 PTE high PTSD-sl

51

30

50.0

3.58

1.28–10.01*

26

46.2

2.16

0.79–5.91

  

Low versus high loneliness

2013 (T3)

2014 (T4)

N Total

n

%high

AOR

95% CI

n

%high

AOR

95% CI

Pre-event loneliness (2011)

 Low (Ref.)

110

94

11.7

1

 

84

16.7

1

 

 Medium

86

54

35.2

4.63

1.87–11.49***

55

41.8

3.44

1.48–8.01**

 High

87

63

79.4

28.94

11.11–74.42***

68

79.4

16.04

6.60–39.01***

Pre-event mental health problems (2011)

 Low (Ref.)

101

78

20.5

1

 

71

23.9

1

 

 Medium

102

71

38.0

2.61

1.09–6.21*

73

41.1

2.01

0.91–4.81+

 High

80

62

59.7

3.78

1.50–9.51**

63

69.8

4.34

1.76–10.72***

PTE groups (2012)

 

 PTE very low PTSD-sl

84

62

27.4

1

 

64

35.9

1

 

 PTE low PTSD-sl

69

52

36.5

1.63

0.62–4.34

46

43.5

1.44

0.57–3.61

 PTE medium PTSD-sl

79

61

37.7

2.25

0.89–5.77+

58

39.7

1.42

0.58–3.45

 PTE high PTSD-sl

51

36

58.3

5.24

1.76–15.58**

39

64.1

3.13

1.12–8.69*

The total number of affected respondents is lower than in Table 1 (285 versus 283), because for two respondents the education was unknown and, therefore, were omitted from the analyses

PTSD-sl PTSD symptom levels, Ref. reference group, AOR odds ratio adjusted for other predictors in table and age, gender, having a partner and education level at T2a, N Total total number of respondents in specific category, n number of respondents in specific category that endorsed low or medium, or low and high scores, %medium percentage of respondents that endorsed medium level scores of the group with low or medium level scores, %high percentage of respondents that endorsed high level scores of the group with low or high level scores

+p < 0.10, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001

12013 low-medium, low-high: − 2 Log likehood = 428.413, χ(26)2 = 127.000, P < 0.0001, Pseudo R-square Nagelkerke = .411

22014 low-medium, low-high: − 2 Log likehood = 452.678, χ(26)2 = 112.724, P < 0.0001, Pseudo R-square Nagelkerke = .371

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter G. van der Velden
    • 1
  • Bas Pijnappel
    • 2
  • Erik van der Meulen
    • 1
  1. 1.INTERVICTTilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Jacob-RoelandslyceumBoxtelThe Netherlands

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