Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 50, Issue 7, pp 1135–1144 | Cite as

The association between immigrant generational status, child maltreatment history and intimate partner violence (IPV): evidence from a nationally representative survey

  • Melissa Kimber
  • Christine A. Henriksen
  • Danielle M. Davidov
  • Abby L. Goldstein
  • Nicole Y. Pitre
  • Lil Tonmyr
  • Tracie O. Afifi
Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

The extent to which immigrant-specific factors influence the intergenerational transmission of family violence is unknown. The objectives of this paper are to examine the associations between immigrant generational status (IGS), child maltreatment (CM), intimate partner violence (IPV) and acculturation (i.e., the extent to which an individual adopts the values, language and attitudes of a new culture).

Methods

The sample was drawn from wave two of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC; n = 34,653), a nationally representative survey of United States (US) residents aged 20 years and older. Logistic regression was used to estimate the associations between IGS, CM history, IPV, and acculturation.

Results

Compared to 3rd generation (or later) respondents, 1st generation immigrants were less likely to report a history of sexual (AOR = 0.74, CI0.95 = 0.62, 0.90) and emotional abuse (AOR = 0.69, CI0.95 = 0.55, 0.87), but were more likely to report physical neglect (AOR = 1.30, CI0.95 = 1.11, 1.52). After adjusting for covariates, IGS was not associated with IPV among respondents with or without a CM history. Among those without a CM history, highly acculturated 1st generation immigrants (AOR = 1.07, CI0.95 = 1.01, 1.13) were more likely to report perpetrating IPV, with highly acculturated 3rd generation respondents having lower odds of reporting IPV perpetration (AOR = 0.93, CI0.95 = 0.88–1.00).

Conclusion

IGS and acculturation are important factors in CM and IPV. Longitudinal studies are needed to clarify the influence of IGS, recency of immigration, acculturation and acculturative stress on the experiences and relationship between CM and IPV.

Keywords

Intimate partner violence Child maltreatment history Immigrant status Acculturation Gender differences 

Supplementary material

127_2014_1002_MOESM1_ESM.docx (13 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 13 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melissa Kimber
    • 1
  • Christine A. Henriksen
    • 2
  • Danielle M. Davidov
    • 3
  • Abby L. Goldstein
    • 4
  • Nicole Y. Pitre
    • 5
  • Lil Tonmyr
    • 6
  • Tracie O. Afifi
    • 2
  1. 1.McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Departments of Community Health Sciences and Psychiatry, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.West Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  4. 4.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  6. 6.Public Health Agency of CanadaOttawaCanada

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