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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 48, Issue 11, pp 1787–1796 | Cite as

Long-term effects of involuntary hospitalization on medication adherence, treatment engagement and perception of coercion

  • Susanne JaegerEmail author
  • Carmen Pfiffner
  • Prisca Weiser
  • Gerhard Längle
  • Daniela Croissant
  • Wiltrud Schepp
  • Reinhold Kilian
  • Thomas Becker
  • Gerhard Eschweiler
  • Tilman Steinert
Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study was to examine the long-term influence of involuntary hospitalization on medication adherence, engagement in out-patient treatment and perceived coercion to treatment participation.

Methods

In a naturalistic observational multi-centre study, 290 voluntarily and 84 involuntarily hospitalized patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder had been followed up over a period of 2 years with half-yearly assessments. Assessments included self-rated medication adherence, externally judged medication adherence by blood levels, engagement in treatment and perceived coercion. The statistical analyses were based on multilevel hierarchical modelling of longitudinal data. Level and development of the outcome was controlled for involuntariness, for sociodemographic characteristics and clinical history.

Results

Involuntariness of the index-hospitalization did not have an effect on the development of treatment engagement or medication adherence judged by blood levels in the course of the follow-up period when the models were controlled for sociodemographic variables and clinical history. It was associated, though, with a continuously lower self-rated medication adherence. Moreover, former involuntarily hospitalized patients more often felt coerced in several treatment aspects at the follow-up assessments. Yet, there was no difference between the voluntary and involuntary group with regard to the development of the levels of adherence or coercion experiences over time.

Conclusions

Involuntary hospitalization does not seem to impair future treatment engagement in patients with schizophrenia, but formerly involuntarily hospitalized patients continue to be more sensitive to subjective or real coercion in their treatment and more vulnerable to medication non-adherence. Hereby, their risk of future involuntary hospitalization might be increased.

Keywords

Involuntary hospitalization Adherence Treatment engagement Schizophrenia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The ELAN study was funded as an investigator-initiated research project by a grant from AstraZeneca Deutschland to the University of Tübingen (Project Nr. 229/2004V—Version 2, 27.09.04). AstraZeneca had no role in the development of the research questions, the design of the study, the collection, analyses and interpretation of data, and the writing of the manuscript. AstraZeneca had the right to comment on the final draft of the article before the submission to the journal. We wish to thank all participants who participated in the study. We also thank Heike Wiesner, Filiz Özfirat, Tanja Gieselmann and Simone Triem for data collection and data entry and Ildiko Baumgartner for her work in processing data.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Jaeger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carmen Pfiffner
    • 1
  • Prisca Weiser
    • 2
  • Gerhard Längle
    • 3
    • 4
  • Daniela Croissant
    • 4
  • Wiltrud Schepp
    • 5
  • Reinhold Kilian
    • 2
  • Thomas Becker
    • 2
  • Gerhard Eschweiler
    • 3
  • Tilman Steinert
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy IUlm UniversityRavensburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy IIUlm UniversityBKH GünzburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and PsychotherapyUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany
  4. 4.Zentrum für Psychiatrie SüdwürttembergKlinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie ZwiefaltenZwiefaltenGermany
  5. 5.Department of Forensic Psychiatry and PsychotherapyBezirksklinikum RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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