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Does the prevalence of CD and ODD vary across cultures?

Abstract

Purpose

The worldwide prevalence of conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is presented to examine the first of four criteria used in other studies to determine the validity of psychiatric disorders across cultures.

Methods

The authors searched Medline and PsycINFO from 1987 to 2008. Studies were included if they were representative of specific communities or countries and reported point prevalence of CD or ODD according to DSM-III-R or DSM-IV criteria for children 18 years or younger.

Results

Only methodological and not geographic factors were associated with variability of the prevalence estimates.

Conclusions

The results are discussed in terms of their significance for the classification of disorders and the need for further research to establish the validity of these two disorders across cultures.

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Acknowledgments

This paper was supported by National Institute of Health, Research Grant # 1P50 MHO 73469 funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, as well as Grant #P60 MD0 02261-01, funded by the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities. We would like to acknowledge the work of Amarylis Quiñones who helped with the literature search of this manuscript.

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Correspondence to Glorisa Canino.

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Canino, G., Polanczyk, G., Bauermeister, J.J. et al. Does the prevalence of CD and ODD vary across cultures?. Soc Psychiat Epidemiol 45, 695–704 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0242-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0242-y

Keywords

  • Conduct disorder
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Prevalence across cultures