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Table 2 Sensor glucose targets during exercise in regard to different groups of people with type 1 diabetes

From: Glucose management for exercise using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and intermittently scanned CGM (isCGM) systems in type 1 diabetes: position statement of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) and of the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) endorsed by JDRF and supported by the American Diabetes Association (ADA)

  1. Sensor glucose targets are detailed for the following groups in type 1 diabetes (T1D): intensively exercising and/or low risk of hypoglycaemia (Ex 2); moderately exercising and/or moderate risk of hypoglycaemia (Ex 1); minimally exercising and/or high risk of hypoglycaemia (Ex 0)
  2. aRecommendation for older adults with coexisting chronic illnesses and intact cognitive and functional status
  3. bRecommendation for older adults with coexisting chronic illnesses or two or more instrumental ADL impairments or mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment
  4. c50% of the regular insulin correction factor
  5. dCheck sensor glucose at least 30 min after carbohydrate consumption and repeat treatment if required
  6. eRestart exercise when reaching sensor glucose levels of at least 4.4 mmol/l (80 mg/dl) and , or
  7. When reaching the required sensor glucose level during exercise, only consume carbohydrates again when trend arrow is starting to decrease
  8. These recommendations are not applicable to hybrid closed-loop systems
  9. Green shading, no/minimal action required; light-yellow shading, minimal/moderate action required; dark-yellow shading, moderate/intense action required; red shading, stop exercise
  10. AE, mild-to-moderate intensity aerobic exercise; CHO, carbohydrate; Ex, exercise; hypo, hypoglycaemia