The authors would like to thank A. Nagel and N. Achterath, Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Center, Düsseldorf, for taking care of the volunteers and help with the MRS/MRI measurements.
This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Research of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (MIWF NRW) and the German Federal Ministry of Health (BMG). This study was also supported in part by a grant from the Federal Ministry for Research (BMBF) to the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD e.V.) and by the Helmholtz Alliance with Universities (Imaging and Curing Environmental Metabolic Diseases, ICEMED).
Duality of interest
The authors declare that there is no duality of interest associated with this manuscript.
PB, AB and JL carried out the measurements and analysis, and co-wrote the manuscript. MR conceived the study, co-wrote the manuscript, and is the guarantor of this work. Lastly, all authors have provided final approval for the publication of this work.