Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and progression from impaired fasting glucose to diabetes
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Obesity and dysglycaemia are major risk factors for type 2 diabetes. We determined if obese people undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) had a reduced risk of progressing from impaired fasting glucose (IFG) to diabetes.
This was a retrospective cohort study of obese people with IFG who underwent LAGB. Weight and diabetes outcomes after a minimum follow-up period of 4 years (mean ± SD 6.1 ± 1.7 years) were compared with those of Australian adults with IFG from a population-based study (AusDiab).
We identified 281 LAGB patients with baseline IFG. Their mean ± SD age and BMI were 46 ± 9 years and 46 ± 9 kg/m2, respectively. The diabetes incidence for patients in the lowest, middle and highest weight loss tertile were 19.1, 3.4 and 1.8 cases/1,000 person-years, respectively. The AusDiab cohort had a lower BMI (28 ± 5 kg/m2) and a diabetes incidence of 12.5 cases/1,000 person-years. This increased to 20.5 cases/1,000 person-years when analysis was restricted to the 322 obese AusDiab participants, which was higher than the overall rate of 8.2 cases/1,000 person-years seen in the LAGB group (p = 0.02). Multivariable analysis of the combined LAGB and AusDiab data suggested that LAGB was associated with ∼75% lower risk of diabetes (OR 0.24 [95% CI 0.10, 0.57], p = 0.004).
In obese people with IFG, weight loss after LAGB is associated with a substantially reduced risk of progressing to diabetes over ≥4 years. Bariatric surgery may be an effective diabetes prevention strategy in this population.
KeywordsBariatric surgery Diabetes prevention Impaired fasting glucose Obesity
Fasting plasma glucose
Impaired fasting glucose
Impaired glucose tolerance
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
Swedish Obese Subjects
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