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Diabetologia

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 463–468 | Cite as

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and progression from impaired fasting glucose to diabetes

  • John M. Wentworth
  • Tamishta Hensman
  • Julie Playfair
  • Cheryl Laurie
  • Matthew E. Ritchie
  • Wendy A. Brown
  • Stewart Skinner
  • Jonathan E. Shaw
  • Paul E. O’BrienEmail author
Article

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis

Obesity and dysglycaemia are major risk factors for type 2 diabetes. We determined if obese people undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) had a reduced risk of progressing from impaired fasting glucose (IFG) to diabetes.

Methods

This was a retrospective cohort study of obese people with IFG who underwent LAGB. Weight and diabetes outcomes after a minimum follow-up period of 4 years (mean ± SD 6.1 ± 1.7 years) were compared with those of Australian adults with IFG from a population-based study (AusDiab).

Results

We identified 281 LAGB patients with baseline IFG. Their mean ± SD age and BMI were 46 ± 9 years and 46 ± 9 kg/m2, respectively. The diabetes incidence for patients in the lowest, middle and highest weight loss tertile were 19.1, 3.4 and 1.8 cases/1,000 person-years, respectively. The AusDiab cohort had a lower BMI (28 ± 5 kg/m2) and a diabetes incidence of 12.5 cases/1,000 person-years. This increased to 20.5 cases/1,000 person-years when analysis was restricted to the 322 obese AusDiab participants, which was higher than the overall rate of 8.2 cases/1,000 person-years seen in the LAGB group (p = 0.02). Multivariable analysis of the combined LAGB and AusDiab data suggested that LAGB was associated with ∼75% lower risk of diabetes (OR 0.24 [95% CI 0.10, 0.57], p = 0.004).

Conclusions/interpretation

In obese people with IFG, weight loss after LAGB is associated with a substantially reduced risk of progressing to diabetes over ≥4 years. Bariatric surgery may be an effective diabetes prevention strategy in this population.

Keywords

Bariatric surgery Diabetes prevention Impaired fasting glucose Obesity 

Abbreviations

FPG

Fasting plasma glucose

IFG

Impaired fasting glucose

IGT

Impaired glucose tolerance

LAGB

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding

SOS

Swedish Obese Subjects

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to our patients and the participants of the AusDiab Study. We thank M. Mehmet and A. McNeil for assistance with collating biochemical data. Also, for their invaluable contribution to the set-up and field activities of AusDiab, we are enormously grateful to A. Allman, B. Atkins, S. Bennett, A. Bonney, S. Chadban, M. de Courten, M. Dalton, D. Dunstan, T. Dwyer, H. Jahangir, D. Jolley, D. McCarty, A. Meehan, N. Meinig, S. Murray, K. O’Dea, K. Polkinghorne, P. Phillips, C. Reid, A. Stewart, R. Tapp, H. Taylor, T. Welborn, T. Whalen, F. Wilson and P. Zimmet.

Funding

The work was funded primarily by the Monash University Centre for Obesity Research and Education. It was supported by Victorian State Government Operational Infrastructure Support and Australian Government NHMRC IRIISS. JES is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council Fellowship (586623). The AusDiab Study, co-coordinated by the Baker IDI Heart and the Diabetes Institute, gratefully acknowledges the generous support given by: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC grant 233200); Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing; Abbott Australasia; Alphapharm; AstraZeneca; Bristol-Myers Squibb; City Health Centre-Diabetes Service – Canberra; Department of Health and Community Services – Northern Territory; Department of Health and Human Services – Tasmania; Department of Health – New South Wales; Department of Health – Western Australia; Department of Health – South Australia; Department of Human Services – Victoria; Diabetes Australia; Diabetes Australia Northern Territory; Eli Lilly Australia; Estate of the Late Edward Wilson; GlaxoSmithKline; Jack Brockhoff Foundation; Janssen-Cilag; Kidney Health Australia; Marian & FH Flack Trust; Menzies Research Institute; Merck Sharp & Dohme; Novartis Pharmaceuticals; Novo Nordisk Pharmaceuticals; Pfizer; Pratt Foundation; Queensland Health; Roche Diagnostics Australia; Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney; Sanofi Aventis; Sanofi-synthelabo; and the Victorian Government’s OIS Program. The Centre for Obesity Research and Education (CORE) at Monash University receives grants from Allergan and Applied Medical for research and educational support. The grants are not tied to any specified research projects and the grantors have no control over the protocol, analysis and reporting of any studies.

Contribution statement

All authors contributed to conception and design, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data. JMW and PEO drafted the manuscript and revised it with all other authors, who also approved the final version. JMW takes full responsibility for the work as a whole, including the study design, access to data, and the decision to submit and publish the manuscript.

Duality of interest

All authors declare that there is no duality of interest associated with this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Wentworth
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tamishta Hensman
    • 1
  • Julie Playfair
    • 1
  • Cheryl Laurie
    • 1
  • Matthew E. Ritchie
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wendy A. Brown
    • 1
  • Stewart Skinner
    • 1
  • Jonathan E. Shaw
    • 4
  • Paul E. O’Brien
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Obesity Research and Education (CORE)Monash University at The Alfred CentreMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Molecular Medicine DivisionWalter and Eliza Hall InstituteMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes InstituteMelbourneAustralia

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