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Table 6 Pooled HRs (95% CIs) for developing type 2 diabetes for a 1-SD increment in the RRR dietary-pattern scores and after alternate subtraction of each of its components; EPIC-InterAct study (n = 21,616)a

From: Adherence to predefined dietary patterns and incident type 2 diabetes in European populations: EPIC-InterAct Study

Dietary variable HR (95% CI) CIE (%)
RRR1 ([20])
 Original RRR1 score 0.91 (0.86, 0.96)  
 RRR1 without sugar-sweetened soft drinks 0.92 (0.87, 0.96) +1.1
 RRR1 without refined grains 0.91 (0.86, 0.96) 0
 RRR1 without processed meat 0.93 (0.88, 0.98) +2.2
 RRR1 without diet soft drinks 0.90 (0.85, 0.96) −1.1
 RRR1 without wine 0.91 (0.87, 0.94) 0
 RRR1 without coffee 0.94 (0.88, 0.99) +3.3
 RRR1 without cabbages 0.89 (0.84, 0.95) −2.2
 RRR1 without root vegetables 0.91 (0.86, 0.97) 0
RRR2 ([18])
 Original RRR2 score 0.92 (0.84, 1.01)  
 RRR2 without fruits 0.96 (0.91, 1.00) +4.3
 RRR2 without red meat 0.94 (0.87, 1.02) +2.2
 RRR2 without beer 0.90 (0.84, 0.97) −2.2
 RRR2 without poultry 0.92 (0.84, 1.02) 0
 RRR2 without legumes 0.93 (0.86, 1.01) +1.1
 RRR2 without sugar-sweetened soft drinks 0.95 (0.85, 1.05) +3.3
 RRR2 without processed meat 0.95 (0.88, 1.03) +3.3
 RRR2 without white bread 0.93 (0.86, 1.01) +1.1
RRR3 ([19])
 Original RRR3 score 0.87 (0.82, 0.92)  
 RRR3 without diet soft drinks 0.86 (0.81, 0.91) −1.1
 RRR3 without sugar-sweetened soft drinks 0.87 (0.83, 0.91) 0
 RRR3 without processed meat 0.88 (0.84, 0.93) +1.1
 RRR3 without salty biscuits 0.87 (0.82, 0.91) 0
 RRR3 without white bread 0.88 (0.84, 0.92) +1.1
 RRR3 without breakfast cereals 0.87 (0.81, 0.92) 0
 RRR3 without honey/jam/sugar 0.90 (0.84, 0.96) +3.4
 RRR3 without dressing sauces 0.88 (0.83, 0.93) +1.1
 RRR3 without non-white bread 0.87 (0.82, 0.92) 0
  1. aHRs and 95% CIs are based on random-effects meta-analyses. Model 4 adjustments were applied (stratified by age and study centre and adjusted for sex, physical activity, smoking status, education, total energy intake, BMI and waist circumference)