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Table 4 Baseline characteristics for extreme quintiles of the dietary-pattern scores in the subcohort of the EPIC-InterAct study (n = 12,595)

From: Adherence to predefined dietary patterns and incident type 2 diabetes in European populations: EPIC-InterAct Study

Characteristic Total aHEI DASH RRR 1 ([20]) RRR 2 ([18]) RRR 3 ([19])
   Q1 Q5 Q1 Q5 Q1 Q5 Q1 Q5 Q1 Q5
Age (years) 53.3 53.6 52.9* 53.5 53.4 50.0 55.8* 51.5 54.9* 50.6 55.8*
Men (%) 37.8 45.1 35.5* 59.4 23.3* 47.8 35.7* 72.2 13.4* 52.3 40.7*
BMI (kg/m2) 25.7 25.8 25.8 25.6 25.8* 26.9 24.9* 26.9 24.7* 27.1 24.4*
WC (cm)
 Men 95.0 95.8 95.0 94.0 96.0* 97.0 94.0* 97.0 92.0* 97.0 92.0*
 Women 80.0 80.0 80.0 78.0 81.0* 84.0 77.3* 83.5 78.0* 83.5 76.0*
Physically active (%) 21.1 17.8 22.7* 23.2 21.6* 18.0 26.5* 23.4 22.9 19.5 26.0*
Never smoking (%) 46.2 34.9 53.3* 33.7 57.4* 48.1 39.7* 34.6 55.1* 41.9 47.6*
Post-secondary education (%) 21.7 20.0 22.5* 22.0 21.5* 13.9 23.7* 16.4 25.7* 15.3 29.9*
Dietary intake
 Total energy (kJ/day) 8,581 8,017 9,343* 9,958 8,079* 9,899 8,372* 11,125 7,255* 9,996 9,025*
 Fat (% energy) 35.1 35.6 34.0* 37.7 32.3* 36.1 33.2* 35.3 33.3* 35.8 33.5*
 Carbohydrates (% energy) 43.3 40.1 45.0* 41.7 45.5* 43.3 43.4 39.5 47.5* 41.6 46.1*
 Protein (% energy) 17.0 16.2 17.8* 15.3 17.9* 17.9 17.0* 17.9 16.0* 17.7 16.3*
 Alcohol (g/day) 7.1 10.7 7.6* 11.3 3.7* 3.8 11.4* 20.0 3.3* 9.9 7.9*
 Fibre (g/day) 22.1 15.8 29.4* 19.9 26.4* 23.9 23.4* 24.8 22.6* 23.7 26.2*
 Red and processed meat (g/day) 78.9 88.4 59.7* 108.1 50.8* 100.9 70.4* 131.8 40.7* 104.9 70.6*
 Fruits and vegetables (g/day) 362 200 623* 227 587* 386 431* 335 450* 400 383
 Coffee (g/day) 300 400 192* 500 188* 130 556* 205 362* 162 500*
  1. Data are medians or percentages (%)
  2. *p < 0.05 vs the respective quintile 1 (Wilcoxon rank sum test or χ 2 test)
  3. Q, quintile; WC, waist circumference